Charles VIII


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Charles VIII,

1470–98, king of France (1483–98), son and successor of Louis XI. He first reigned under the regency of his sister Anne de BeaujeuAnne de Beaujeu
, c.1460–1522, regent of France, daughter of the French King Louis XI. With her husband, Pierre de Beaujeu, duc de Bourbon, she acted as regent for her brother, Charles VIII, after the death (1483) of Louis XI.
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. After his marriage (1491) to Anne of BrittanyAnne of Brittany,
1477–1514, queen of France as consort of Charles VIII from 1491 to 1498 and consort of Louis XII from 1499 until her death. The daughter of Duke Francis II of Brittany, she was heiress to his duchy.
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, he freed himself from the influence of the regency and prepared to conquer the kingdom of NaplesNaples, kingdom of,
former state, occupying the Italian peninsula south of the former Papal States. It comprised roughly the present regions of Campania, Abruzzi, Molise, Basilicata, Apulia, and Calabria. Naples was the capital.

In the 11th and 12th cent.
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, to which his father had acquired a claim through Charles, duke of Maine, from RenéRené
, 1409–80, king of Naples (1435–80; rival claimant to Alfonso V of Aragón and Ferdinand I of Naples), duke of Anjou, Bar, and Lorraine, count of Provence. He was also called René of Anjou and Good King René.
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 of Naples. Urged by Ludovico SforzaSforza, Ludovico or Lodovico
, b. 1451 or 1452, d. 1508, duke of Milan (1494–99); younger son of Francesco I Sforza. He was called Ludovico il Moro [the Moor] because of his swarthy complexion.
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, he invaded (1494) Italy; after a triumphal march through Pavia, Florence, and Rome, he took (Feb., 1495) Naples. A league against him, formed by Milan, Venice, Spain, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Pope Alexander VI, forced his hasty retreat, in which he distinguished himself against odds at the battle of Fornovo (July, 1495). His remaining troops in Naples were defeated, and at the time of his death he was forming new plans of conquest. He left no male heir and was succeeded by his cousin Louis XII. The conflict of France and Spain in Italy marked the beginning of the Italian WarsItalian Wars,
1494–1559, series of regional wars brought on by the efforts of the great European powers to control the small independent states of Italy. Renaissance Italy was split into numerous rival states, most of which sought foreign alliances to increase their
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. Charles's expedition fostered the introduction of the Italian Renaissance in France. The history of his reign was recorded by his contemporary, Philippe de CominesComines, Philippe de
, c.1447–c.1511, French historian, courtier, and diplomat. In 1472 he left the service of Charles the Bold of Burgundy to enter that of Louis XI of France, who rewarded him richly.
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.

Bibliography

See J. S. C. Bridge, A History of France from the Death of Louis XI, Vol. I-II (1922–24).

References in classic literature ?
Charles VIII, King of France, born 1470, died 1498.
Louis XII divorced his wife, Jeanne, daughter of Louis XI, and married in 1499 Anne of Brittany, widow of Charles VIII, in order to retain the Duchy of Brittany for the crown.
Fearing for his papacy, he used his political acumen to outwit the French king Charles VIII, who wanted safe passage for his crusading troops through the Papal States.
On en trouve la trace des 1484, alors qu'elle devient la propriete de Robert Gaguin, humaniste sous Charles VIII et Louis XII.
Initially its plague broke out among the army of Charles VIII after the French king invaded Naples.
There was considerable rivalry by now between European countries, and when Charles VIII returned to France after the fall of Naples in 1495, he took with him 22 of the finest Italian woodworkers, which included two skilled tarsia craftsmen.
When the French king Charles VIII beleaguered Naples in 1494, a terrible, then incurable disease broke out in his army: syphilis.
In 1495, the French King Charles VIII attempted to seize southern Italy, intending to make it a base for his crusade against the Ottoman Turks.
The army of Charles VIII is streaming toward the gates of the city, and Alessandra's mother insists that young girls aren't safe.
Charles VIII of France started a strange trend in shoes towards the end of the 15th century - because of a deformity.
It was then - right at the peak of Italian influence in Europe - that Charles VIII of France invaded, putting an abrupt halt to the spread of Italian culture throughout the continent.
Shaw's investigation covers primarily the second half of the fifteenth century, or the period from the peace of Lodi to the invasion of Charles VIII of France.