Charles VIII


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Charles VIII,

1470–98, king of France (1483–98), son and successor of Louis XILouis XI,
1423–83, king of France (1461–83), son and successor of Charles VII. Early Life

As dauphin Louis was almost constantly in revolt against his father.
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. He first reigned under the regency of his sister Anne de BeaujeuAnne de Beaujeu
, c.1460–1522, regent of France, daughter of the French King Louis XI. With her husband, Pierre de Beaujeu, duc de Bourbon, she acted as regent for her brother, Charles VIII, after the death (1483) of Louis XI.
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. After his marriage (1491) to Anne of BrittanyAnne of Brittany,
1477–1514, queen of France as consort of Charles VIII from 1491 to 1498 and consort of Louis XII from 1499 until her death. The daughter of Duke Francis II of Brittany, she was heiress to his duchy.
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, he freed himself from the influence of the regency and prepared to conquer the kingdom of NaplesNaples, kingdom of,
former state, occupying the Italian peninsula south of the former Papal States. It comprised roughly the present regions of Campania, Abruzzi, Molise, Basilicata, Apulia, and Calabria. Naples was the capital.

In the 11th and 12th cent.
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, to which his father had acquired a claim through Charles, duke of Maine, from RenéRené
, 1409–80, king of Naples (1435–80; rival claimant to Alfonso V of Aragón and Ferdinand I of Naples), duke of Anjou, Bar, and Lorraine, count of Provence. He was also called René of Anjou and Good King René.
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 of Naples. Urged by Ludovico SforzaSforza, Ludovico or Lodovico
, b. 1451 or 1452, d. 1508, duke of Milan (1494–99); younger son of Francesco I Sforza. He was called Ludovico il Moro [the Moor] because of his swarthy complexion.
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, he invaded (1494) Italy; after a triumphal march through Pavia, Florence, and Rome, he took (Feb., 1495) Naples. A league against him, formed by Milan, Venice, Spain, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and Pope Alexander VI, forced his hasty retreat, in which he distinguished himself against odds at the battle of Fornovo (July, 1495). His remaining troops in Naples were defeated, and at the time of his death he was forming new plans of conquest. He left no male heir and was succeeded by his cousin Louis XIILouis XII,
1462–1515, king of France (1498–1515), son of Charles, duc d'Orléans. He succeeded his father as duke. While still duke, he rebelled against the regency of Anne de Beaujeu and was imprisoned (1488), but was released (1491) by his cousin King Charles
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. The conflict of France and Spain in Italy marked the beginning of the Italian WarsItalian Wars,
1494–1559, series of regional wars brought on by the efforts of the great European powers to control the small independent states of Italy. Renaissance Italy was split into numerous rival states, most of which sought foreign alliances to increase their
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. Charles's expedition fostered the introduction of the Italian Renaissance in France. The history of his reign was recorded by his contemporary, Philippe de CominesComines, Philippe de
, c.1447–c.1511, French historian, courtier, and diplomat. In 1472 he left the service of Charles the Bold of Burgundy to enter that of Louis XI of France, who rewarded him richly.
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.

Bibliography

See J. S. C. Bridge, A History of France from the Death of Louis XI, Vol. I-II (1922–24).

References in classic literature ?
Charles VIII, King of France, born 1470, died 1498.
Louis XII divorced his wife, Jeanne, daughter of Louis XI, and married in 1499 Anne of Brittany, widow of Charles VIII, in order to retain the Duchy of Brittany for the crown.
About eighteen months or two years after the events which terminate this story, when search was made in that cavern for the body of Olivier le Daim, who had been hanged two days previously, and to whom Charles VIII.
The Accademia Italiana di Cucina Pandolfini, founded in the 90s, is based in the Pandolfini Estate, with the Renaissance Villa and the Medieval Tower that stand few miles outside of Florence, and have had guests such as Charles VIII of France and Napoleon.
The turn of the sixteenth century was a difficult period in Italian history between the French invasions of King Charles VIII and King Louis XII in the 1490s and the Hapsburg invasions of Emperor Charles V in the 1520s that eventually made much of Italy a colony of Spain.
Fearing for his papacy, he used his political acumen to outwit the French king Charles VIII, who wanted safe passage for his crusading troops through the Papal States.
The manuscript presented in person to Henry VII in London in 1496 belongs to a diplomatic effort to bolster resistance to French expansion in Italy under Charles VIII but, after Charles's death and the accession of Louis XII in 1499, Nagonius expanded his narrative to celebrate Louis's expedition against Milan.
On en trouve la trace des 1484, alors qu'elle devient la propriete de Robert Gaguin, humaniste sous Charles VIII et Louis XII.
Initially its plague broke out among the army of Charles VIII after the French king invaded Naples.
Exquisitely carved virgins can be seen from Tours, Moulins and Rouen, and the truly ravishing marble Tomb of the Children of Charles VIII (who sadly died within a year of each other, in 1495 and 1496), is one of the centrepieces of the ground floor display, carved by Girolamo Paciarotto (active 1493-1540).
It is said that King Charles VIII of France had six toes.
Following Annius of Vitetbo, Thenaud includes a history of the kings who ruled France from Japhet to Charles VIII (1498).