Carolus Clusius

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Clusius, Carolus

 

(Charles de Lécluse). Born Feb. 19, 1526, in Arras; died Apr. 4, 1609, in Leiden. French naturalist and physician. Clusius studied in Switzerland, Germany, and France. Later he directed the botanical gardens in Vienna; he became a professor at the University of Leiden in 1593. Clusius gave the first descriptions of many plants and animals of Europe, Asia, Africa, and North and South America. He defined several plant families for the first time. Clusius helped introduce cultivation of the potato to Europe.

REFERENCE

Hunger, F. W. T. Charles de l’Escluse, vols. 1–2. The Hague, 1927–43.
References in periodicals archive ?
L'originalite de la methode, la lumiere nouvelle que le livre apportait sur les plantes de l'Inde devaient attirer l'attention de l'un des meilleurs specialistes des plantes a cette epoque, Charles de L'Ecluse, qui, selon la preface, aurait trouve la publication dans une officine espagnole.
Pour acorus, le medecin de Bale renvoie a Pline et Dioscoride dans l'introduction, puis, renvoie a une designation des apothicaires et aux travaux de Manardi de Jerome Bock, de Matthiole ou de Valerius Cordus ou de Charles de L'Ecluse.
In 1593, the Flemish botanist Charles de L'Ecluse managed to breed Turkish tulips to withstand local climatic conditions in the Netherlands.