Charlie Chaplin

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Sir Charles Chaplin
Charles Spencer Chaplin
BirthplaceLondon, United Kingdom (unverified)
Actor, film director, film producer, screenwriter, editor, composer

Chaplin, Charlie

(Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin), 1889–1977, English film actor, director, producer, writer, and composer, b. London. Chaplin began on the music-hall stage and then joined a pantomime troupe. While on tour in the United States, he was recruited by Mack SennettSennett, Mack
, 1884–1960, American movie director and producer, b. Danville, Que. In 1909 he began working for D. W. Griffith at the Biograph Company, and in 1912 he organized his own Keystone studio company.
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. Chaplin merged physical grace, disrespect for authority, and sentimentality into a highly individual character he created for the Keystone film studios. In appearance, his Little Tramp wore a gentlemen's derby, cane, and neatly kept moustache with baggy trousers and oversized shoes. He affected a unique, bow-legged dance-walk. Chaplin skipped from one studio to another in search of greater control over his work, finally cofounding United Artists in 1919 with D. W. GriffithGriffith, D. W.
(David Llewelyn Wark Griffith), 1875–1948, American movie director and producer, b. La Grange, Ky. Griffith was the first major American film director. He began his film career as an actor and a scenario writer in 1908 with the Biograph Company.
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, Douglas FairbanksFairbanks, Douglas,
1883–1939, American movie actor, b. Denver. From 1901 to 1914, Fairbanks appeared on stage in light comedies. In 1915 he began making movies, becoming the swashbuckling hero of his day in such films as The Mark of Zorro (1921),
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, and Mary PickfordPickford, Mary,
1893–1979, American movie actress, b. Toronto, Ont. In 1909 she began working with D. W. Griffith. Specializing in playing young girls, she was dubbed "America's Sweetheart.
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Chaplin's features include The Kid (1920), The Gold Rush (1924), The Circus (1928), City Lights (1931), Modern Times (1936), The Great Dictator (1940), Monsieur Verdoux (1947), and Limelight (1952). He enjoyed immense worldwide popularity, though this was tempered by his refusal to use sound until 1940. His political sympathies and various personal scandals contributed to his declining popularity. In 1952, he was barred on political grounds from re-entering the United States and lived thereafter in Switzerland. In 1975 he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. His fourth wife was Oona O'Neill, the daughter of Eugene O'Neill. He won an Academy Award in 1972 for his score to Limelight.


See his My Trip Abroad (1922) and autobiography (1964); biographies by C. Chaplin, Jr. (1960), P. Tyler (1947, repr. 1972), and P. Ackroyd (2014); G. D. McDonald et al., The Films of Charlie Chaplin (1965); K. S. Lynn, Charlie Chaplin and His Times (1997); J. Vance, Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema (2003).

Chaplin, (Charles Spencer) Charlie

(1889–1977) movie actor, producer, screenwriter, director, composer; born in London, England. The son of music hall entertainers, his mother had a nervous breakdown and his father died when Charlie was five; he became a street urchin, along with his half-brother, Sydney, dancing for pennies in the street. After a time in an orphanage, he joined a troupe of child dancers and later had small roles on the London stage. At age 17 he joined a troupe of players that toured the United States, where in 1912 he joined the Keystone company to appear in his first movie, Making a Living (1914). Chaplin made 35 films in one year at Keystone, many of which he also wrote and directed, meanwhile honing his character of "The Little Tramp"; despite the appearance of spontaneity and improvisation, he worked out every last detail of his films. He joined Essanay in 1915, making his first masterpiece, The Tramp, that year. He became one of the founders of United Artists in 1919. At First National, he made The Kid in 1921, which made him an international star. He went on to make his major works—City Lights (1928), Modern Times (1936), The Great Dictator (1940), Limelight (1952)—after which there was a distinct falling off. Over the years he had been criticized for his many romantic affairs, often with younger women; he also had never applied for U.S. citizenship. In 1952, on a ship to England, he was informed that he might not be permitted back into the States because of his alleged leftist views, so he settled in Switzerland with his wife Oona, daughter of Eugene O'Neill, with whom he had eight children. He did not return to the U.S.A. until 1972 when he accepted a Special Academy Award. In 1975, by then regarded as one of the few individuals to be a true genius of motion pictures, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
References in periodicals archive ?
Travellers in Black Patch Park, Smethwick, alleged birthplace of Charlie Chaplin
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My grandfather told me that around the same time, appearing at the Olympic was a group known as The Seven Lancashire Lads and appearing in this group was Charlie Chaplin and Stan Laurel.
LONDON: A forgotten short film featuring footage of comic legend Charlie Chaplin failed to sell at a London auction despite expectations it could raise a "significant six-figure sum.
20 on eBay because he liked the tin - and found it held Charlie Chaplin in Zepped, made in 1916.
Charlie Chaplin in Zepped, believed to be a propaganda film made in Britain during The First World War, was discovered inside a battered old film reel tin which collector Morace Park bought for a couple of dinars on the online auction site eBay.
But the film inside, called Charlie Chaplin in Zepped, started him off on a worldwide journey as he tried to discover more about it.
Summary: An alleged time traveller has been spotted supposedly using a mobile phone in a 1928 Charlie Chaplin clip.
With a global production budget of approximately Euro 8 million, the first series will be developed in colour creating a timeless atmosphere and a unique look, blending early 20th century with present time, allowing for younger generations to identify with the Charlie Chaplin character.
Charlie Chaplin - film magic at the Philharmonic Hall
The caption states that the great Charlie Chaplin is among the troupe and he is obviously sat there, arms folded, in bowler hat, fourth from the right in the middle row.
LOS ANGELES: The oldest surviving child of Hollywood movie legend Charlie Chaplin has died in California aged 82, the Los Angeles Times reported Friday.