Charolais


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Related to Charolais: Simmental

Charolais

(shärôlā`), small region, Saône-et-Loire dept., E central France, in Burgundy, in the Massif Central, named after the town of Charolles. Cattle breeding is the chief occupation. The countship of Charolais was acquired by Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, in 1390. In 1477 the county passed to the Hapsburgs; from then on it shared the fortunes of Franche-ComtéFranche-Comté
or Free County of Burgundy,
region and former province, E France. It is coextensive with Haute-Saône, Doubs, and Jura depts. Dôle was the capital until 1676; Besançon was the later capital and remains the chief city.
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 until it was acquired from Spain by Louis XIV and was definitively united with France and incorporated into Burgundy in 1761.

Charolais

 

a breed of beef cattle developed in the 18th century in the Charolais region of France from spotted mountain cattle. In the 19th century the Charolais was crossed with the Shorthorn. Its coloration is creamy white.

Charolais bulls weigh 1,000–1,200 kg, cows 700–800 kg, and 18-month-old calves, 450–650 kg. The dressed yield is 60–65 percent. The animals are undemanding and adaptable, and they fatten rapidly. The breed is found in many countries of Europe and North and South America. In the USSR purebred Charolais are produced for commercial crossbreeding and for improving other beef breeds.

REFERENCES

Kravchenko, N. A. “Skot porody sharole.” Zhivotnovodstvo, 1967, no. 6.
Levantin, D. L., and D. A. Smirnov. “Miasnaia poroda sharole i perspektivy ee ispol’zovaniia.” Zhivotnovodstvo, 1969, no. 2.
References in periodicals archive ?
ANORTH East farmer has been re-elected to be chairman of the British Charolais Cattle Society.
The Charolais pioneers went on to establish a grading-up scheme and the British Charolais Cattle Society was founded in 1962.
Bydd Dai hefyd yn ymweld a nifer o ffermydd yr ardal sy'n arbenigo mewn bridio gwartheg Charolais - gan achub ar y cyfle i fwynhau golygfeydd hyfryd o'r wlad ac o'r anifeiliaid yn eu cynefin.
The comments were echoed by David Benson of the British Charolais Cattle Society who saw the stock for sale earlier this month.
Further information and entry forms can be obtained from the Welsh Charolais Region's Diane Rees on 01686 440 252.
Equally, I believe that breeders must continue the Charolais quest to select carefully using Breedplan data to improve calving ease and also milk.
management Agricultural voice in the attle ring at how every Mr Lewis is a chartered s auctioneer who describes f surveyor and farming and breeding pedigree Charolais cattle near Llandysul as "a secondary calling".
Each of the four finalists received British Charolais Cattle Society bull purchase vouchers and a pounds 50 meat voucher by HCC, while the overall winner received an HCC award.
Tony Harman was a founder member of the society and among the first to officially import Charolais in the early 1960s.
Express took the reserve male title at the Welsh National Charolais Show.
His 30-cow Esgob herd at Cwmtirmynach had the most improved Terminal Index (TI), up 38% on the year, of all Charolais Breedplan-recorded herds in Wales.
In addition a Blonde cross steer at 22 months sold to PS1610 from Ouston Farms Ltd, Co Durham and for the second week in a row Joe Vickers, Rennington South sold a nice run of 14 Charolais and Limousin cross steers at 20-22 months which peaked at PS1580 and averaged PS1470 representing an increase of PS50 per head on the week.