Charolais


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Related to Charolais: Simmental

Charolais

(shärôlā`), small region, Saône-et-Loire dept., E central France, in Burgundy, in the Massif Central, named after the town of Charolles. Cattle breeding is the chief occupation. The countship of Charolais was acquired by Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, in 1390. In 1477 the county passed to the Hapsburgs; from then on it shared the fortunes of Franche-ComtéFranche-Comté
or Free County of Burgundy,
former province and former administrative region, E France. It is coextensive with Haute-Saône, Doubs, and Jura depts.
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 until it was acquired from Spain by Louis XIV and was definitively united with France and incorporated into Burgundy in 1761.

Charolais

 

a breed of beef cattle developed in the 18th century in the Charolais region of France from spotted mountain cattle. In the 19th century the Charolais was crossed with the Shorthorn. Its coloration is creamy white.

Charolais bulls weigh 1,000–1,200 kg, cows 700–800 kg, and 18-month-old calves, 450–650 kg. The dressed yield is 60–65 percent. The animals are undemanding and adaptable, and they fatten rapidly. The breed is found in many countries of Europe and North and South America. In the USSR purebred Charolais are produced for commercial crossbreeding and for improving other beef breeds.

REFERENCES

Kravchenko, N. A. “Skot porody sharole.” Zhivotnovodstvo, 1967, no. 6.
Levantin, D. L., and D. A. Smirnov. “Miasnaia poroda sharole i perspektivy ee ispol’zovaniia.” Zhivotnovodstvo, 1969, no. 2.
References in periodicals archive ?
3p Minsca Farm, Charolais 252p Burncroft Farm, 240.
A Charolais will outperform other breeds in any system and breeders have made great strides in recent years to provide the bulls that beef producers are wanting.
Charolais cows to PS1130 from JA & EJ Wyatt; Charolais heifers to PS1080 from GR Saunders.
jpg; WINNER: The Yorkshire Show, Fred's daughter Emma with the 2 year old Charolais Heifer Holtstead Velvet; ROYAL APPROVAL: The Queen was pictured studying cattle at the 150th Great Yorkshire Show
Breeder Andrew Hornell with his award-winning Charolais heifer, Falleninch Brilliant
A number of breeders drew lots and he was lucky enough to have one of the first eight Charolais cows to land in Britain.
CHAROLAIS CHEER: Renewing contacts with Brazil, (from left) Chamber Business Link's Malcolm Vaughan, Charolais bull Rio Grande Premium, cattle farmer Fred Wilson and BCCS chief executive David Benson
The first and second place awards for the best pen of four Charolais cross bred calves were taken home to Coquetdale by Jimmy & Claire Walton, Flotterton for two super pens of steers calves, their shapely grey bullocks taking top slot whilst a very similar pen of ginger steers were only just beaten into second place.
The figure represented a 73% clearance leaving Charolais to once again take the lead at the spring multi-beef breed sales and grossing just short of PS1m.
Leading prices per head: Steers: British Blue PS1230 Belzies, Limousin PS1230 Belzies, PS1000, PS950Whitehill, PS905 Cleughbrae Mill, Blonde PS985Todholes, Charolais PS945 Craigielandshill.
Charolais Cross: PS1160, PS1090, PS1050, PS1030 East Ditchburn, PS1130, PS1070, PS1010 Newstead.
CHAROLAIS breeders are continuing to respond to commercial farmers' demands by improving performance, according to the latest report from Breedplan, the breed society's genetic evaluation system.