Charolais(redirected from Charollais)
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Charolais(shärôlā`), small region, Saône-et-Loire dept., E central France, in Burgundy, in the Massif Central, named after the town of Charolles. Cattle breeding is the chief occupation. The countship of Charolais was acquired by Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, in 1390. In 1477 the county passed to the Hapsburgs; from then on it shared the fortunes of Franche-ComtéFranche-Comté
or Free County of Burgundy,
region and former province, E France. It is coextensive with Haute-Saône, Doubs, and Jura depts. Dôle was the capital until 1676; Besançon was the later capital and remains the chief city.
..... Click the link for more information. until it was acquired from Spain by Louis XIV and was definitively united with France and incorporated into Burgundy in 1761.
a breed of beef cattle developed in the 18th century in the Charolais region of France from spotted mountain cattle. In the 19th century the Charolais was crossed with the Shorthorn. Its coloration is creamy white.
Charolais bulls weigh 1,000–1,200 kg, cows 700–800 kg, and 18-month-old calves, 450–650 kg. The dressed yield is 60–65 percent. The animals are undemanding and adaptable, and they fatten rapidly. The breed is found in many countries of Europe and North and South America. In the USSR purebred Charolais are produced for commercial crossbreeding and for improving other beef breeds.
REFERENCESKravchenko, N. A. “Skot porody sharole.” Zhivotnovodstvo, 1967, no. 6.
Levantin, D. L., and D. A. Smirnov. “Miasnaia poroda sharole i perspektivy ee ispol’zovaniia.” Zhivotnovodstvo, 1969, no. 2.