Charolais

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Charolais

(shärôlā`), small region, Saône-et-Loire dept., E central France, in Burgundy, in the Massif Central, named after the town of Charolles. Cattle breeding is the chief occupation. The countship of Charolais was acquired by Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, in 1390. In 1477 the county passed to the Hapsburgs; from then on it shared the fortunes of Franche-ComtéFranche-Comté
or Free County of Burgundy,
region and former province, E France. It is coextensive with Haute-Saône, Doubs, and Jura depts. Dôle was the capital until 1676; Besançon was the later capital and remains the chief city.
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 until it was acquired from Spain by Louis XIV and was definitively united with France and incorporated into Burgundy in 1761.

Charolais

 

a breed of beef cattle developed in the 18th century in the Charolais region of France from spotted mountain cattle. In the 19th century the Charolais was crossed with the Shorthorn. Its coloration is creamy white.

Charolais bulls weigh 1,000–1,200 kg, cows 700–800 kg, and 18-month-old calves, 450–650 kg. The dressed yield is 60–65 percent. The animals are undemanding and adaptable, and they fatten rapidly. The breed is found in many countries of Europe and North and South America. In the USSR purebred Charolais are produced for commercial crossbreeding and for improving other beef breeds.

REFERENCES

Kravchenko, N. A. “Skot porody sharole.” Zhivotnovodstvo, 1967, no. 6.
Levantin, D. L., and D. A. Smirnov. “Miasnaia poroda sharole i perspektivy ee ispol’zovaniia.” Zhivotnovodstvo, 1969, no. 2.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said: "I chose Charollais because I liked the look of them.
Charollais Tups to PS100, wethers to PS61, both from L.
In a good show for the Charollais, the breed was in the final pair in the new Royal Welsh ram lamb championship.
Grazing steers from JH Davies, Llanwenarth sold to PS1185 (515kgs - 17m) for Charollais crosses.
Dr Morris was also instrumental in establishing very successful Suffolk, Texel, Beulah Speckled Sheep, Beltex, Lleyn and Charollais flocks in Wales.
North Wales clubs fared well in the livestock events, with Anglesey a creditable third in the Charollais sheep judging competition, courtesy of Richard Jones, Elin Haf Jones, Bedwyr Williams and Cain Owen.
Lleyn sheep (135), Charollais (180), Beltex (142) and Blue Texels (103) are numerically among the leading breeds.
Eight AI rams will be required during year one - two Texel, two Charollais, two Suffolk, one Meatlinc and one Hampshire Down.
Among the exceptionally large number of sheep entries, Huw and Bronwen Evans took the female championship and the supreme prize with their Charollais ewe ahead of the male champion, a Blue Texel ram bred by Dylan Jones.
Elsewhere, it was another good day for the Charollais section.
A Charollais ram lamb bred by Anglesey's Dewi Evans, of Tyddyn y Ffrwd, Llanallgo, Moelfre, was knocked down for 3,200gns.
A total of 67 rams from 've breeds - Texel, Suolk, Charollais, Hampshire Down and Meatlinc - will be tested over the 2016 and 2017 lambing seasons.