charter

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charter,

document granting certain rights, powers, or functions. It may be issued by the sovereign body of a state to a local governing body, university, or other corporation or by the constituted authority of a society or order to a local unit. The term was widely applied to various royal grants of rights in the Middle Ages and in early modern times. The most famous political charter is the Magna CartaMagna Carta
or Magna Charta
[Lat., = great charter], the most famous document of British constitutional history, issued by King John at Runnymede under compulsion from the barons and the church in June, 1215.
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 of England. Chartered companies held broad powers of trade and government by royal charter. In colonial America, chartered colonies were in theory, and to an extent in fact, less subject to royal interference than were royal colonies.

Charter

 

(ustav), a body of rules regulating the structure, procedures, and activities of a state agency, enterprise, or institution or of a particular field of activity. Charters in the USSR include the Rules of Railroads of the USSR and the Statute on Secondary General-education Schools. Charters also regulate the armed forces of the USSR (see). Most charters are approved by the highest bodies of state authority in the USSR; the charters of some institutions and organizations are approved by the appropriate ministries and departments. Voluntary sports societies, the various artists’ unions, dacha-building and housing-construction cooperatives, and other organizations are also governed by charters.

Most international organizations have charters that outline their goals, organizational structure, and activities, for example, the Charter of the United Nations.

charter

1. a formal document from the sovereign or state incorporating a city, bank, college, etc., and specifying its purposes and rights
2. a formal document granting or demanding from the sovereign power of a state certain rights or liberties
3. the fundamental principles of an organization; constitution
4. 
a. the hire or lease of transportation
b. the agreement or contract regulating this
c. (as modifier): a charter flight
5. a law, policy, or decision containing a loophole which allows a specified group to engage more easily in an activity considered undesirable
6. Maritime law another word for charterparty
References in periodicals archive ?
A charter bus and train collided in Biloxi, Mississippi, on Tuesday in a dramatic and deadly crash.
The people on the charter bus suffered the majority of the significant injuries, a fire department spokeswoman said.
Customers who use the commuter program will not only be treated to professional and punctual service by experienced charter bus drivers, but will also enjoy a comfortable ride.
Charter bus operations for businesses and consumers (except scenic and sightseeing services)
Traffic was backed up on the highway for several miles, and early reports indicated that the passengers on the charter bus were trapped inside the vehicle as emergency crews responded to the scene.
For those travelers who are eager to rent a charter bus for a one- or multi-day casino trip, Monsey Tours is offering a range of competitive package deals.
Monsey Tours is currently promoting its diverse array of charter bus services for various events.
Believe it or not, we're all pretty excited about our charter bus ride on Thursday,'' Elias said.
Companies may also provide municipal bus service; charter bus service; vehicle maintenance; paratransit services (for handicapped students and senior citizens); and bus sales.
Contract awarded for It won jungcho 2016 Fall semester ecological experience learning charter bus services, leasing of electronic submission of quotations can guide small advertisements
The charter bus service provided by Los Angeles County Supervisor Michael D.