charter

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Related to Charter of Incorporation: Royal charter of incorporation

charter,

document granting certain rights, powers, or functions. It may be issued by the sovereign body of a state to a local governing body, university, or other corporation or by the constituted authority of a society or order to a local unit. The term was widely applied to various royal grants of rights in the Middle Ages and in early modern times. The most famous political charter is the Magna CartaMagna Carta
or Magna Charta
[Lat., = great charter], the most famous document of British constitutional history, issued by King John at Runnymede under compulsion from the barons and the church in June, 1215.
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 of England. Chartered companies held broad powers of trade and government by royal charter. In colonial America, chartered colonies were in theory, and to an extent in fact, less subject to royal interference than were royal colonies.

Charter

 

(ustav), a body of rules regulating the structure, procedures, and activities of a state agency, enterprise, or institution or of a particular field of activity. Charters in the USSR include the Rules of Railroads of the USSR and the Statute on Secondary General-education Schools. Charters also regulate the armed forces of the USSR (see). Most charters are approved by the highest bodies of state authority in the USSR; the charters of some institutions and organizations are approved by the appropriate ministries and departments. Voluntary sports societies, the various artists’ unions, dacha-building and housing-construction cooperatives, and other organizations are also governed by charters.

Most international organizations have charters that outline their goals, organizational structure, and activities, for example, the Charter of the United Nations.

charter

1. a formal document from the sovereign or state incorporating a city, bank, college, etc., and specifying its purposes and rights
2. a formal document granting or demanding from the sovereign power of a state certain rights or liberties
3. the fundamental principles of an organization; constitution
4. 
a. the hire or lease of transportation
b. the agreement or contract regulating this
c. (as modifier): a charter flight
5. a law, policy, or decision containing a loophole which allows a specified group to engage more easily in an activity considered undesirable
6. Maritime law another word for charterparty
References in periodicals archive ?
The town received its Royal Charter of Incorporation in 1853 and the council celebrated the centenary of the associated creation of the municipal borough on schedule in 1953.
We know we were the capital of England in the 15th century: we know that our charter of incorporation was granted in 1182 when Birmingham was "a collection of shacks".
It's an historic position, dating from November 5, 1838, when a Charter of Incorporation appointed Birmingham as a parliamentary borough which permitted Brum to have an elected town council with its own mayor.
Solihull received its Charter of Incorporation as a borough from the hands of Princess Margaret yesterday.
In 1853, when the town was granted its Charter of Incorporation, the new council commissioned a coat of arms and a motto.
Coventry's rare and extensive collection of medieval records boasts a hidden gem - the 1350 Charter of Incorporation, generally recognised as the charter which made Coventry a city.
Representatives of almost every section of the town's social and industrial life, together with the three leaders of the main political parties, supported Brierley Hill Urban Council's application for a charter of incorporation as a borough at a public inquiry yesterday.

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