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Chartier, Alain(älăN` shärtyā`), b. c.1385, d. c.1433, French writer, secretary to Charles VII. His most popular work was the love poem La Belle Dame sans mercy (1424), which provided Keats with a title. Le Quadrilogue invectif (1422), a political pamphlet in vigorous prose, called for French solidarity to combat the turmoil of the Hundred Years War.
Born circa 1385, in Bayeux; died circa 1433, in Avignon. French poet.
Chartier was secretary to King Charles VII. As a diplomat, he visited many countries, including Italy. In ballades and rondeaux and in such narrative poems as The Book of the Four Ladies (1424) and La Belle Dame sans merci (1424), Chartier surmounted the linguistic conventions of late medieval love lyrics.
Chartier’s political tracts The Quadrilogue Invective (1422) and The Curial (mid-1420’s) sharply and eloquently addressed France’s problems, especially the decay of the nobility and the suffering of the people, who bore the brunt of the Hundred Years’War of 1337–1453.
WORKSLe Quadrilogue invectif. Paris, 1923.
La Belle Dame sans merci et les poésies lyriques. Paris, 1945.
REFERENCESIstoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 178–79.
Hoffman, E. J. Alain Chartier, His Work and Reputation. New York, 1942.