Chartists


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Chartists

 

(Portuguese, Cartistas), members of a political movement in 19th-century Portugal.

In effect a political party, the Chartists supported the Constitution (Charter) of 1826, which restricted voting rights to members of the upper classes. The constitution had been annulled during the reign of the absolutist Miguel Maria Evaristo de Braganza. The Chartists consisted, for the most part, of liberal members of the nobility and some elements of the feudal clergy.

After the September Revolution of 1836, the left wing of the liberal bourgeoisie—the Septembrists—reached in 1838 a compromise with the Chartists whereby the Constitution of 1822, which had been in force since the revolution, was replaced by a more conservative one. This agreement weakened the position of the Septembrists. Thus, in 1842 the Chartists were able to seize power and restore the Charter of 1826. The Chartist leader Antonio Bernardo da Costa Cabral established a military dictatorship.

The dictatorship was swept aside in 1846 by a popular uprising known as the Maria da Fonte War. By the early 1850’s, the Chartist party had disappeared from the political arena.

References in periodicals archive ?
The people of Newport were outraged a few years ago to lose their old Chartist wall when road works took place.
entitled him to address his fellow Chartists as "Brothers
People say the Chartists were one of the great glorious failures of the 19th century, but I think, "Well, no.
The Chartists vision is different from the fundamentalists on the anticipation of the conditional volatility, they are unaware of the standard of mean reversion, so chartists speculate according to laws, in which there is an integration of observed vision shocks, that is to say, exogenous shocks and we know that bad news and good differentially affect the level of conditional volatility.
I can't help but draw some parallels between the Chartist movement of 19th-century Britain, and the current Occupy Wall Street movement.
The agitations in the Bull Ring (and elsewhere) were put down by the police, the land reform movement was declared illegal in the courts, and a number of the Chartist leaders were imprisoned.
The second section, comprising three chapters, examines Chartist poetry at three moments of crisis: the aftermath of the Newport uprising of 1839; the Plug Plot general strike of 1842; and during what was both the apogee and the nadir of the movement in 1848.
The style and the accessibility of the text makes this a definitive account for anyone with a general interest in the Chartist movement, or for anybody embarking on a serious study of the movement itself.
The sixty-five Chartists who made up this small but crucial group
In August 1842, 250 Bedworth miners in support of the Chartists marched to Coventry and a proclamation was given stating that any violence would be forcefully put down by the military.
Most Chartists welcomed the token presence and even the voices of women on the platform but were loath to expose women to questions and heckles from the audience.
Dollar in the 1980s: The Expectations of Chartists and Fundamentalists," NBER Reprint No.