Chashnik

Chashnik

 

(also chashnichii), from the 14th to 18th centuries, a rank and position at the court of the grand prince of Moscow and later the tsar.

The chashnik was originally the head of the special court institution that was in charge of drinking establishments and wild-hive beekeeping. The chashnik also supervised the economy, administration, and judicial system of crown hamlets and villages inhabited by wild-hive beekeepers and managed the crown’s wild-hive forests. The chashnik was among the closest advisers of the prince.

In the 16th and 17th centuries the administrative functions of the chashnik passed to the Sytnyi Dvor, which prepared beverages for the tsar’s household, and the duties of the chashnik were reduced to serving the tsar at banquets and the holiday feasts. The rank of chasnik was abolished in the early 18th century.

References in periodicals archive ?
From then on, Constructivists including El Lissitzky, llya Chashnik, Valentina Kulagina, and Gustav Klutsis--directed their talents to design--everything from stage costumes, ceramics and architecture to domestic goods, graphic art, film and photography.
This followed controversy over the authenticity of works by both Chashnik and El Lissitzky in an earlier Tajan sale in March.
The Suprematists Kazimir Malevich, Nikolai Suetin and Ilya Chashnik worked at the factory for a few years when they arrived from Vitebsk in 1922 --they needed a worker's card which provided bread.