Hasidim

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Hasidim

or

Chassidim

(both: häsē`dĭm, khä–) [Heb.,=the pious], term used by the rabbis to describe those Jews who maintained the highest standard of religious observance and moral action. The term has been applied to movements at three distinct times. The first Hasidim, also called the Assideans or Hasideans, were an ancient Jewish sect that developed between 300 B.C. and 175 B.C. They were the most rigid adherents of Judaism in contradistinction to those Jews who were beginning to be affected by Hellenistic influences. The Hasidim led the resistance to the hellenizing campaign of Antiochus IV of Syria, and they figured largely in the early phases of the revolt of the MaccabeesMaccabees
or Machabees
, Jewish family of the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. They are also called Hasmoneans or Asmoneans after their ancestor, Hashmon.
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. Their ritual strictness has caused some to see them as forerunners of the Pharisees. Throughout the Talmudic period numerous figures were referred to as Hasidim. During the 12th and 13th cent., however, there arose in Germany a specific group known as the Hasidei Ashkenaz. Influenced by Saadia ben Joseph and with messianic and mystical elements, it held as its central ideology the unity of God, the application of justice in all situations, social and economic equality, and martyrdom at the hands of the crusaders rather than compromise of any kind. The chief ethical work that derived from the group was the Sefer Hasidim (tr. Book of the Pious, 1973). The third movement to which the term Hasidim is applied is that founded in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov and known as HasidismHasidism
or Chassidism
[Heb.,=the pious], Jewish religious movement founded in Poland in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov. Its name derives from Hasidim. Hasidism, which stressed the mercy of God and encouraged joyous religious expression through music and dance, spread
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.

Bibliography

See S. Lieberman, Hellenism in Jewish Palestine (1962); S. G. Kramer, God and Man in the Sefer Hasidim (1966); A. L. Lowenkopf, The Hasidim (1973). See also bibliography under HasidismHasidism
or Chassidism
[Heb.,=the pious], Jewish religious movement founded in Poland in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov. Its name derives from Hasidim. Hasidism, which stressed the mercy of God and encouraged joyous religious expression through music and dance, spread
..... Click the link for more information.
.

References in periodicals archive ?
91) If so, this would help explain why the Gra's animus toward the Chasidim would be especially aroused at Passover.
The Chasidim, who after prayer might watch the synagogue's educational video on Polish Jews, have a smoke, and then videotape graves in the nearby Remu cemetery with their camcorders?
For example, Sefer Chasidim (at 234) rules accordingly that a father who asked his son to provide him with food or drink against medical instructions need not be obeyed.
In contrast to most Satmar chasidim, he had a finely trimmed goatee, and with his silver handled cane and black homburg, cut a stylish figure.
Both, for example, explain Chasidim (Haxidepai in Chinese) as "a sect which is against Talmud and promotes pantheism," among other things.
The reliance on "yikhes" ("Yihus" in Sherwin's transliteration, 93) led to nepotism, particularly among the Chasidim.
Aspects of Chasidic life in Eastern Europe are depicted, and the work dedicated to his mother consists of a meditative Vidui (contrition) section followed by Nigun (improvisation), and it ends with an illustration of Simchat Torah as the festival is celebrated by Chasidim.
Her publications include many essays and articles on the subject of Yiddish language use by contemporary Chasidim.
A few years ago, Syrian Defense Minister Field Marshal Mustafa Tlass signed a contract with Egyptian producer, Munir Radhi, to make a film based on Tlass's 1983 book, The Matzah of Zion, whose full-color cover is adorned with hook-nosed Chasidim draining the blood of a child.
His training as a young boy in the traditions of the Gerer Chasidim imprinted upon him a respect for Judaism and its texts, and there are numerous pages in his chronicle where he enriches the narrative with eminently suitable quotations from the Torah, the Talmud, and the writings of major Jewish thinkers.
Still, when they fought about Jews and Stalin, they hollered and shouted at each other with all the holy passion of the misnagdim against the Chasidim.
Dik's in-laws were staunch Chasidim, while Dik himself despised Chasidism, regarding it as a gross superstition, almost akin to idolatry.