Chhattisgarh

(redirected from Chathisgad)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Chhattisgarh,

state (2001 provisional pop. 20,795,956), 52,200 sq mi (135,194 sq km), central India; created from SE Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh
, state (2001 provisional pop. 60,385,118), 119,010 sq mi (308,240 sq km), central India, between the Deccan and the Ganges plain. The capital is Bhopal. One of the largest states in India, Madhya Pradesh consists, from north to south, of upland zones separated by
..... Click the link for more information.
 in 2000. Most of Chhattisgarh lies in the valley of the Mahanadi and Sheonath rivers; its eastern section occupies the Deccan plateau, with hills in the west and the Maikal Mts. in the north. The capital is RaipurRaipur
, city (1991 pop. 462,694), capital of Chhattisgarh state, E central India, on the Kharun River. It is a district administrative center and an agricultural-processing and sawmilling town, situated on the Nagpur-Bilaspur Railway. It is the cite of Ravishankar Shukla Univ.
..... Click the link for more information.
; other cities include Bastar and BhilainagarBhilainagar
or Bhilai
, city (1991 pop. 398,799), Chhattisgarh state, central India. It is the site of a large state-owned steel industry, built with Soviet assistance in the 1950s. Other manufactures include cement, chemicals, and wood products.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which houses the state's largest steel plant. The population is more than two thirds rural and consists of various ethnic groups, almost 45% of whom are non-Hindu tribes. Agriculture employs some 80% of the workforce in the relatively undeveloped state, with rice by far the largest crop; others include various cereal grains and legumes. Covering almost a half of Chhattisgarh's area, dense forests yield timber and other wood products, although present development is not substantial. The state is rich in natural resources, with abundant deposits of gold, diamonds, coal, uranium, bauxite, corundum, dolomite, iron, copper, limestone, tin, and other minerals. Long a part of Madhya Pradesh state, but historically (traced back to the 4th cent. A.D.) and culturally distinct from it, the region had been a hotbed of separatist activity since the early 1920s. In recent years, Chhattisgarh has been the site of attacks and other activity by the Maoist Naxalite movement.