Chavín de Huántar

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Chavín de Huántar

(chävēn` dā wän`tär), archaeological site in the northeastern highlands of Peru, near the headwaters of the Marañon River. It flourished between c.900 B.C. and 200 B.C. The site features two monumental temples and intricate stone carvings depicting snarling human deities and a variety of animals, including caimans, jaguars, snakes, birds of prey, and mythical beasts. The site also features residential architecture covering c.18.5 acres (7.5 hectares). The term "Chavín" (or "Chavinoid"), used as an adjective, refers to the intricate art style present at this site, which eventually spread throughout much of central and N Peru. Once considered one of the earliest large-scale ceremonial centers of the central Andes, archaeologists now realize that monumental architecture actually emerged considerably earlier in other parts of Peru. The spread of the Chavín style in media such as metallurgy, textiles, and ceramics dates to the last phase at the site (c.400–200 B.C.), when Chavín de Huántar was undoubtedly the most prestigious religious and urban center in Peru.

Bibliography

See J. A. Mason, Ancient Civilizations of Peru (1961); J. H. Rowe, Chavín Art: An Inquiry into Its Form and Meaning (1962); E. P. Benson, ed., Dumbarton Oaks Conference on Chavín, 1968 (1971); C. Kano, Origins of the Chavín Culture (1979); R. L. Burger, Chavín and the Origins of Andean Civilization (1992).

References in periodicals archive ?
por otros pueblos en otros contextos geograficos (desde Chavin de Huantar hasta los incas en los Andes Centrales, y desde la tradicion de Tumbas de Tiro hasta los Mexica en Mesoamerica) siempre se resaltaron las espinas propias de este animal.
Asimismo, quiero agradecer a Ludwig Huber, Rafael Nova Arismendi y Patricia Olivera Paredes, quienes me ayudaron durante el trabajo de campo en Chavin de Huantar.
No obstante lo anterior, el 6 de noviembre de 2008 se presento ante el Congreso de la Republica del Peru un proyecto de ley "que otorga amnistia a los comandos que participaron en el operativo Chavin de Huantar y que crea una comision Ad hoc para evaluar, calificar y proponer el otorgamiento de la amnistia al personal militar y policial defensor del Estado de Derecho y de la democracia".
In this article we propose that the archaeological site of Chavin de Huantar was the materialization and center of a Andean theocratic state.
Cavies may have been domesticated as early as 5000 BCE in regions of modern-day Peru and Bolivia with evidence of cavy domestication dating back as early as 900 BCE in Chavin de Huantar excavations.
The gray stone walls allude to the sacrificial pre-Hispanic god Chavin de Huantar, known for his cruelty.
Birds were present as guardian figures at Chavin de Huantar (ca.
The only exceptions are Caraz where the asphalt road ends and Chavin de Huantar (Conchucos) with its eminent pre-Inca ruins (see chapter 6 and Figure 1).
The commission said the operation known as Chavin de Huantar must be recognized as a valiant action by the armed forces.
the eponymous site at Chavin de Huantar had its floreat between 850 and 200 B.
En otro relato: "Chavin de Huantar", narra lo ocurrido el martes 22 de marzo de 1997, cuando las fuerzas armadas desplegaron la operacion de asalto Chavin de Huantar y dieron muerte a un comando del Movimiento Revolucionario Tupac Amaru, quienes mantuvieron como rehenes a cerca de 600 personas dentro de la residencia diplomatica japonesa en Peru durante 125 dias.
Excellent works in gold and silver were made by pre-Inca cultures such as the Chavin de Huantar, Vicus, Mochica, Chimu, Nazca and Tiahuanaco peoples, the last-named civilisation lasting a thousand years up to the 14th century.