Rupert Brooke

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Brooke, Rupert,

1887–1915, English poet. At the outbreak of World War I he joined the Royal Naval Division, served at Antwerp, and was in the Dardanelles expedition when he died of blood poisoning at the island of Skíros. Handsome and athletic, Brooke was also charming, intellectual, and witty, and was universally sought in society. His early fame and tragic death have made him an almost legendary figure. He wrote two small volumes of poetry, Poems (1911) and 1914 and Other Poems (1915). His verse is exuberant and charming, the romantic patriotism of his war sonnets contrasting sharply with the bitter, disillusioned poetry of Owen and Sassoon.


See his letters, ed. by G. Keynes (1968); biographies by A. Stringer (1948, repr. 1972) and C. Hassall (1964, repr. 1972); studies by J. Lehmann (1981) and P. Delany (1987); bibliography by G. Keynes (1954).

Rupert Brooke
BirthplaceRugby, Warwickshire, England
EducationRugby School, King's College, University of Cambridge (fellow)
Known for Poetry

Brooke, Rupert


Born Aug. 3, 1887, at Rugby; died Apr. 23, 1915, on the island of Skyros, Greece. English poet. Belonged to the Georgian group of poets.

Brooke studied at Cambridge, where he wrote a research work entitled John Webster and the Elizabethan Drama (published in 1916). His first collection of poetry was published in 1911. Brooke was an organizer of the anthology Georgian Poetry, 1911-1912 (1912). In 1914 he went to war as a volunteer. The sonnet series 1914 and Other Poems (1915) brought fame. It reflected the illusions of patriotic Englishmen who at the beginning of the war failed to understand its imperialistic nature. In its form, Brooke’s poetry continues the romantic traditions of English poetry. He traveled a great deal (Letters From America, 1916, and other works).


The Collected Poems. London, 1946.
The Poetical Works. London, 1953.


Keynes, G. A Bibliography of Rupert Brooke. London, 1954.
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