Che Guevara


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Che Guevara
Ernesto Guevara
Birthday
BirthplaceRosario, Santa Fe, Argentina
Died
Occupation
Physician, author, government official

Guevara, Che

(Ernesto Guevara) (chā gāvä`rä, ārnĕs`tō), 1928–67, Cuban revolutionary and political leader, b. Argentina. Trained as a physician at the Univ. of Buenos Aires, he took part (1952) in riots against the dictator Juan PerónPerón, Juan Domingo
, 1895–1974, president of Argentina (1946–55; 1973–74). Early Career and First Presidency

An army officer, Perón was the leader of a group of colonels that rose to prominence after the overthrow of the government
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 in Argentina, joined agitators in Bolivia, and worked in a leper colony. In 1953 he went to Guatemala, joined the leftist regime of Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán, and when Arbenz was overthrown (1954) fled to Mexico, where he met Fidel CastroCastro, Fidel
(Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz) , 1926–2016, Cuban revolutionary, premier of Cuba (1959–76), president of the Council of State and of the Council of Ministers (1976–2008).
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 and other Cuban rebels. Guevara became Castro's chief lieutenant soon after the rebel invasion of Cuba in 1956, in which he proved to be a resourceful guerrilla leader. As president of the national bank after the fall (Jan., 1959) of Fulgencio BatistaBatista y Zaldívar, Fulgencio
, 1901–73, president of Cuba (1940–44, 1952–59). An army sergeant, Batista took part in the overthrow of Gerardo Machado in 1933 and subsequently headed the military and student junta that ousted Carlos Manuel de
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 he was instrumental in cutting Cuba's traditional ties with the United States and in directing the flow of trade to the Communist bloc. He served (1961–65) as minister of industry. At heart a revolutionary rather than an administrator, he left Cuba in 1965 to foster revolutionary activity in the Congo and other countries. In 1967, directing an ineffective guerrilla movement in Bolivia, he was wounded, captured, and executed by government troops. Guevara wrote Guerrilla Warfare (1961), Man and Socialism in Cuba (1967), Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War (1968), and The African Dream (2001), a forthright account of the failed Congo rebellion. His Diary of a Combatant, describing his role in the Cuban revolution, was published in Cuba in 2011.

Bibliography

See his diaries, ed. by R. Scheer (1968) and by D. James (1968); his speeches and writings, ed. by J. Gerassi (1968) and D. Deutschmann (1987); biography by J. L. Anderson (1997); D. James, Che Guevara (1969); M. Ebon, Che: The Making of a Legend (1969); L. J. González and G. A. Sánchez Salazar, The Great Rebel (tr. 1969); R. Harris, Death of a Revolutionary (1970); L. Sauvage, Che Guevara: The Failure of a Revolutionary (1974).

References in periodicals archive ?
Cristobal Leon Campos, Mexican historian, makes a tribute in this article to Ernesto Che Guevara, because of his fiftieth death anniversary, which is commemorated on October 9, in Bolivia.
Se cumplen 45 anos del asesinato de una figura emblematica en la historia latinoamericana; Ernesto Che Guevara nunca envejecio ni se pervirtio como si lo han hecho algunos de sus companeros de lucha en un pasado que alcanza el presente porque dicen que el poder corrompe.
Che Guevara was executed in Bolivia in October 1967.
Likewise, the myth of Che Guevara is connected worldwide to the memory of the triumph of the Cuban Revolution and the African wars of Independence.
They insisted Che Guevara was a hero but when I described him as a terrorist, an argument started.
Historian Frank Niess presents Che Guevara, an in-depth biography of social revolutionary Che Guevara (1928-1967) that separates myth from reality.
I was inspired by the film The Motorcycle Diaries to read this rather short biography of Che Guevara, mainly to see how much of the film reflected the truth about Che's experience.
If the thousands of college students who wear stylized Che Guevara T-shirts knew of his murders, they'd probably burn their shirts.
The writings of great revolutionaries such as Mao Tse-tung, Amilcar Cabral, Che Guevara, Fidel Castro, Frantz Fanon, Malcolm X, and others were raising the consciousness of the oppressed masses throughout world.
A San Francisco cop (acting without authorization) donned a Che Guevara pin and helped whip up excitement at an anti-war rally.
In that respect, ``Fur'' brings to mind ``The Motorcycle Diaries,'' the story of a young Che Guevara so squeaky-clean that you couldn't possibly consider the idea he'd one day be wantonly executing people without trial.
Without a doubt, Che Guevara was one of the most important men of the 20th century.