Che Guevara

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Che Guevara
Ernesto Guevara
BirthplaceRosario, Santa Fe, Argentina
Physician, author, government official

Guevara, Che

(Ernesto Guevara) (chā gāvä`rä, ārnĕs`tō), 1928–67, Cuban revolutionary and political leader, b. Argentina. Trained as a physician at the Univ. of Buenos Aires, he took part (1952) in riots against the dictator Juan PerónPerón, Juan Domingo
, 1895–1974, president of Argentina (1946–55; 1973–74). Early Career and First Presidency

An army officer, Perón was the leader of a group of colonels that rose to prominence after the overthrow of the government
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 in Argentina, joined agitators in Bolivia, and worked in a leper colony. In 1953 he went to Guatemala, joined the leftist regime of Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán, and when Arbenz was overthrown (1954) fled to Mexico, where he met Fidel CastroCastro, Fidel
(Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz) , 1926–2016, Cuban revolutionary, premier of Cuba (1959–76), president of the Council of State and of the Council of Ministers (1976–2008).
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 and other Cuban rebels. Guevara became Castro's chief lieutenant soon after the rebel invasion of Cuba in 1956, in which he proved to be a resourceful guerrilla leader. As president of the national bank after the fall (Jan., 1959) of Fulgencio BatistaBatista y Zaldívar, Fulgencio
, 1901–73, president of Cuba (1940–44, 1952–59). An army sergeant, Batista took part in the overthrow of Gerardo Machado in 1933 and subsequently headed the military and student junta that ousted Carlos Manuel de
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 he was instrumental in cutting Cuba's traditional ties with the United States and in directing the flow of trade to the Communist bloc. He served (1961–65) as minister of industry. At heart a revolutionary rather than an administrator, he left Cuba in 1965 to foster revolutionary activity in the Congo and other countries. In 1967, directing an ineffective guerrilla movement in Bolivia, he was wounded, captured, and executed by government troops. Guevara wrote Guerrilla Warfare (1961), Man and Socialism in Cuba (1967), Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War (1968), and The African Dream (2001), a forthright account of the failed Congo rebellion. His Diary of a Combatant, describing his role in the Cuban revolution, was published in Cuba in 2011.


See his diaries, ed. by R. Scheer (1968) and by D. James (1968); his speeches and writings, ed. by J. Gerassi (1968) and D. Deutschmann (1987); biography by J. L. Anderson (1997); D. James, Che Guevara (1969); M. Ebon, Che: The Making of a Legend (1969); L. J. González and G. A. Sánchez Salazar, The Great Rebel (tr. 1969); R. Harris, Death of a Revolutionary (1970); L. Sauvage, Che Guevara: The Failure of a Revolutionary (1974).

References in periodicals archive ?
4) Of these individuals, the work of Campbell, notably the hero cycle he identifies in his book, The Hero With a Thousand Faces, offers the most immediately useful frame of reference to examine the now heroic myth of Che Guevara.
It is a welcome addition to the literature on both Che Guevara and U.
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Che Guevara, Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
Only after the grandfather's death does a mysterious package arrive with photographs and journal writings by the artist mother, which reveal a startling story of her love affair with Che Guevara.
These toys seem engaged in intimate dialogue: When Alice's White Rabbit and a bust of Che Guevara hold a private chat, Porter is questioning not only the nature of space-time but that of memory as a vast archive where anything and everyone can hold a conversation.
1967: Revolutionary leader Che Guevara was captured in Bolivia and shot.
He was unforgettable because he was always waving a book in my face by Mao, Che Guevara, Malcolm X, Kwame Nkrumah and countless other revolutionaries.
A TOURIST got into a row after branding Che Guevara a terrorist in a Spanish bar - then woke to find the South American revolutionary tattooed on his arm.
Historian Frank Niess presents Che Guevara, an in-depth biography of social revolutionary Che Guevara (1928-1967) that separates myth from reality.
I was inspired by the film The Motorcycle Diaries to read this rather short biography of Che Guevara, mainly to see how much of the film reflected the truth about Che's experience.
If the thousands of college students who wear stylized Che Guevara T-shirts knew of his murders, they'd probably burn their shirts.