Chesapeake Bay

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Chesapeake Bay,

inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, c.200 mi (320 km) long, from 3 to 30 mi (4.8–48 km) wide, and 3,237 sq mi (8,384 sq km), separating the DelmarvaDelmarva
, peninsula, c.180 mi (290 km) long, separating Chesapeake Bay on the west from Delaware Bay and the Atlantic Ocean on the east; named for the three states (Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia) located in part on it.
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 Peninsula from mainland Maryland. and Virginia. The drowned estuary of the Susquehanna River, formed in an ancient meteorite impact zone, the bay is fed by rivers including the Potomac, Rappahannock, Pocomoke, and James. It is entered from the Atlantic Ocean through a 12-mi-wide (19-km) gap between Capes Henry and Charles, Va.; the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-TunnelChesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel,
officially the Lucius J. Kellam, Jr. Bridge-Tunnel,
17.6 mi (28.2 km) long, across the mouth of Chesapeake Bay, E Va., connecting Cape Charles with Norfolk, Va.
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 crosses its mouth, and the Chesapeake Bay Bridge crosses the upper bay. Part of the Intracoastal Waterway, the bay is linked with the Delaware River and Bay by the Chesapeake and Delaware CanalChesapeake and Delaware Canal,
sea-level canal, 19 mi (31 km) long, 250 ft (76 m) wide, and 27 ft (8.2 m) deep, connecting the head of Chesapeake Bay with the Delaware River.
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. Baltimore is the largest city and main port on the bay; the Norfolk–Hampton Roads region of Virginia is a key naval complex. The bay's famous fisheries (oysters, crabs, etc.) have declined as residential and commercial development around it have increased; various projects and interstate agreements seek to reverse this trend. A 35-million-year-old impact crater, c.50 mi (85 km) wide, underlies the lower bay. The English colonist John SmithSmith, John,
c.1580–1631, English colonist in America, b. Willoughby, Lincolnshire, England. A merchant's apprentice until his father's death in 1596, he thereafter lived an adventurous life, traveling, fighting in wars against the Turks in Transylvania and Hungary, and
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 explored and charted Chesapeake Bay in 1608.

Chesapeake Bay

 

a bay of the Atlantic Ocean on the coast of the USA. Along with Delaware Bay, the Chesapeake Bay isolates the Delmarva Peninsula. The bay is 315 km long and 5–30 km wide. It reaches a depth of 27 m; the depth of the fairway is more than 11m. The shoreline is low, swampy, and heavily indented by the mouths of numerous rivers, including the Susquehanna, Potomac, James, and others, which form natural harbors. The tides are semidiurnal, measuring up to 1 m. The chief port on the Chesapeake Bay is Baltimore.

Chesapeake Bay

the largest inlet of the Atlantic in the coast of the US: bordered by Maryland and Virginia