Chelm


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Chełm

(khĕlm), Rus. Kholm, city (1994 est. pop. 67,900), Lubelskie prov., E Poland. It is a railway junction and has industries manufacturing metals, lumber, machinery, cement, and liquors. An old Slavic settlement, Chełm was chartered in 1233. It passed to Poland in 1377, to Austria in 1795, and to Russia in 1815. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (1918) transferred the city to Ukraine, but it passed to Poland in 1921. After Chełm was freed from German occupation in World War II, the new Polish republic was proclaimed there (July 22, 1944) by the Polish Committee of National Liberation. Chełm is noted for its cathedral.

Chełm

 

a city in eastern Poland. Administrative center of Chełm Województwo. Population, 46,000 (1974). Chełm is a railroad junction. It produces approximately 4 million tons of cement annually. The food-processing industry is represented by flour mills and a distillery producing liqueurs and spirits. The city also produces glass and agricultural machinery. Chalk is quarried in the area.

Chelm

mythical place inhabited by amiable simpletons. [Jew. Folklore: Rosten, 84]
References in periodicals archive ?
Having commissioned an angel to distribute the sacks throughout the planet, God's emissary reached the town of Chelm, but one of the sacks caught on the pointy tip of a mountain and tipped open, and all the souls poured out on the little town of Chelm.
Leo Shatin, the author of Simple Wisdom, has updated the Chelm stories by emphasizing the wisdom of its tales but at the expense of its humor.
The reality is that Shatin valiantly tries to emulate the style and humor of the Chelm stories but fails to convey the absurdity, let alone the humor of the original.
Compare samples of traditional Chelm tales as found in The Book of Jewish Humor, edited by William Novick and Moshe Waldoks, and that written by Shatlin; Novick:
or In "Religion Pays Good," the Three Tamen discover in the Chelm edition of The New York Times of "persons on television who ask people for money .
Shatin appears to be in step in regard to Chelm folklore with William Novak who, in his introduction to The Big Book of Jewish Humor writes that "although it is sometimes asserted that the Wise Men of Chelm are lacking logic or common sense, in fact the reverse is true; they suffer from having too much common sense, much more so than the rest of the world.
A group of 14 people from Chelm and Rugby Cement's sister company, Cement- ovnia, will spend June in the borough as a step towards establishing economic and cultural links.
When Shlemiel arrives back in Chelm, he's convinced that his wife, children and neighbors must be impostors, a suspicion that they bemusedly (and amusingly) reciprocate.
The annual visit by the 40-strong group of young people is sponsored by the Rugby Group, which owns Rugby Cement, which also has a holding in the cement works in Chelm.
The contract is for the lease of the aircraft to carry out practical flight training students of Mechanical Engineering of specialization airplane and helicopter pilot, conducted in NATO Air Training Centre of the State Higher Vocational School in Chelm.
2012 on passing Regional Waste Management Plan for the Province and the provisions of the Rules of maintaining cleanliness and order in the commune Chelm.
Yorkshire qualified for the quarter-finals for the first time as one of the best third-placed teams and will play Essex at Chelms for dlater this month.