dependence

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dependence

[di′pen·dəns]
(medicine)
Habituation to, abuse of, or addiction to a substance.
(statistics)
The existence of a relationship between frequencies obtained from two parts of an experiment which does not arise from the direct influence of the result of the first part on the chances of the second part but indirectly from the fact that both parts are subject to influences from a common outside factor.
References in periodicals archive ?
Drug abuse is volitional (person has control over drug use), but chemical dependence is an involuntary brain disease, so each requires a different treatment strategy.
Ordering of Schedule II and III drugs by physicians recovering from chemical dependence should be monitored by the designated clinical supervisor.
Both are residential treatment facilities for chemical dependence and co-occurring psychiatric disorders.
For example, for many years I have taught an "Introduction to Pharmacology" course to chemical dependence counseling students, many of whom have lamented having to learn about medications and neurobiology when their goal was simply to counsel addicts and alcoholics.
The moral and public health models of addiction are discussed and distinguished from the dis- ease concept model of chemical dependence.
At the recent SECAD '06 conference for addiction professionals, an entire day on the agenda was devoted to the promise of medications for enhancing outcomes in the treatment of chemical dependence.
SAN DIEGO -- The switch from the use of intramuscular buprenorphine to sublingual buprenorphine probably has improved the completion rate of short-term, inpatient opiate detoxification, according to the experience at the Center for Chemical Dependence at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore.
Due to the rise in the number of Americans seeking treatment for drug and alcohol abuse, the largest percentage increase in Medicaid drug spend is attributed to chemical dependence .
The main part of the volume is organized around 19 presenting problems, such as eating disorders, chemical dependence, domestic violence, and postpartum mood disorders.
Unfortunately, placebo-controlled studies are not as prevalent in chemical dependence treatment as they are for psychiatric medication therapies.
By incorporating Holganix into their regular treatment routines, lawn care professionals drastically reduce chemical dependence and the subsequent environmental impact without compromising on results," explained Barrett Ersek, owner of Holganix.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Nicotine dependence is the most common form of chemical dependence in the United States.

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