Chemosh


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Chemosh

(kē`mŏsh), identified, probably mistakenly, as the god of the Ammonites in the Bible (see MilcomMilcom
[Heb.,=their king], in the Bible, god of the Ammonites whose cult Solomon introduced in Jerusalem. In the Book of Judges the name is replaced (probably by mistake) by Chemosh. Milcom may be identifiable with Molech.
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). In First and Second Kings, Solomon erected an altar to him at Jerusalem, and Josiah destroyed it.
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References in classic literature ?
Whilst I was gazing and wondering, suddenly it occurred to me--being familiar with the Old Testament--that Solomon went astray after strange gods, the names of three of whom I remembered--"Ashtoreth, the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh, the god of the Moabites, and Milcom, the god of the children of Ammon"--and I suggested to my companions that the figures before us might represent these false and exploded divinities.
It may be for this reason that Hand is associated with Molech of Moloch, the god to whom children were sacrificed: "The night falls thick Hand comes from Albion in his strength / He combines into a Mighty-one the Double Molech & Chemosh.
21:29) that Moab was openly pagan and worshiping Chemosh, but it was its ethical lapse that was of interest to biblical normative law.
11:24, "That which Chemosh your god grants you as a possession, you shall possess, and all those whom YHWH our god dispossesses before us, we shall take possession from them," as indicating such a recognition.
This diaspora was a consequence of Solomon's decision to follow pagan customs by "sacrificing in the high places," rather than the tabernacle, and the king eventually turned to human sacrifice in Chemosh.
The story of the Moabite campaign (1 Ki 3:4-27) in which Chemosh decides the battle is but one example of a biblical story, if not the Bible as a whole, that recognizes deities other than YHWH and is not wholly monotheistic.