Chen Duxiu


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Chen Duxiu

or

Ch'en Tu-hsiu

(both: chŭn do͞o-shyo͞o), 1879–1942, Chinese educator and Communist party leader. He was active in the republican revolution of 1911 and was forced to flee to Japan after taking part in the abortive "second revolution" of 1913 against Yüan Shih-kaiYüan Shih-kai
, 1859–1916, president of China (1912–16). From 1885 to 1894 he was the Chinese resident in Korea, then under Chinese suzerainty. He supported the dowager empress, Tz'u Hsi, against the reform movement (1898) of Emperor Kuang Hsü, and she
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. In 1915 he founded the journal New Youth in Shanghai. Articles by Ch'en, Li DazhaoLi Dazhao
, 1888–1927, professor of history and librarian at Beijing Univ., cofounder of the Chinese Communist party with Chen Duxiu. He was the first important Chinese intellectual to support the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.
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, Hu ShihHu Shih
, 1891–1962, Chinese philosopher and essayist, leading liberal intellectual in the May Fourth Movement (1917–23). He studied under John Dewey at Columbia Univ., becoming a lifelong advocate of pragmatic evolutionary change.
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, and others encouraged Chinese youth to create a new culture free from Confucianism. He was dean of the school of arts and sciences of Beijing Univ. from Jan., 1917, until forced to resign under conservative pressure in Mar., 1919. Ch'en was converted to Marxism in the period following the student-led intellectual revolution known as the May Fourth MovementMay Fourth Movement
(1919), first mass movement in modern Chinese history. On May 4, about 5,000 university students in Beijing protested the Versailles Conference (Apr. 28, 1919) awarding Japan the former German leasehold of Kiaochow (Jiaozhou), Shandong prov.
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 (1919). He founded (1920) two Marxist groups, and in 1921 representatives of these groups met with representatives of groups organized by Li Dazhao (neither Chen nor Li were present) to found the Communist party. He was dismissed from party leadership and withdrew from the party in 1927 over his opposition to the CominternComintern
[acronym for Communist International], name given to the Third International, founded at Moscow in 1919. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin feared a resurgence of the Second, or Socialist, International under non-Communist leadership.
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-ordered policy of armed insurrection.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the inherited trends they followed was their criticism of late Qing fiction which originated in "literary revolutionaries" such as Chen Duxiu [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and Hu Shi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].
Chen Duxiu (1879-1942), a leading figure of the May 4th Movement, a non-Christian, and one of the founders of Chinese Communist Party in 1925, who published the influential Xin Qingnian (New Youth) magazine in disseminating new and critical ideas from the West, ponders on the strange relationship between Christianity and China.
Of these intellectuals, this essay will focus in particular on Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, whose interpretations and analysis of Marxism-Leninism and its application in China had the most lasting impact.
Sturman references a 1917 essay by Chen Duxiu attacking hermits as an obstacle to modern Chinese literature and thought.
1921 Revolutionaries Mao Zedong and Chen Duxiu secretly meet in Shanghai and establish the Communist Party of China.
El presidente del pais y secretario general del Partido Comunista, Hu Jintao --sucesor de Chen Duxiu (1921-1927), Mao Tse-tung (1943-1976); Hu Yaobang (1980-1987), Zhao Ziyang (1987-1989) y Jiang Zemin (1989-2000)--, dijo: "Mirando hacia atras al progreso que ha experimentado China en estos 90 anos, podemos llegar a una conclusion fundamental: que la clave para dirigir de forma adecuada los asuntos de China reside en el partido", en la solemne ceremonia desarrollada en el Gran Palacio del Pueblo.
Kicking off with the Wuchang Uprising of October 1911 that triggered the Qing Dynasty's downfall, the narrative initially focuses on Sun Yat-sen (Ma Shaohua), pioneering revolutionary and leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT), and fellow anti-imperial agitator Chen Duxiu (Feng Yuanzheng).
Tao's article in the January 15 issue of Xin qingnian is followed by a short and less analytical article by Chen Duxiu ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), entitled "Some Thoughts on the Suicide of Liang Juchuan" ("Duiyu Liang Juchuan xiansheng zisha zhi ganxiang"[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]).
The author examines the origins of the "literary revolution" proclaimed in 1917 by Hu Shi (1891-1962), Chen Duxiu (1879-1942), and others in the new culture magazine Zin Quingnian, an event which Kaske considers the beginning of the promotion and elaboration of the vernacular written language by leading intellectuals, and a milestone in the development of the modern Chinese standard language.
Chen Duxiu, founder of the Communist Party, was a luminary of May Fourth and editor of its groundbreaking journal New Youth.
For instance, the former residences and tombs of Li Hongzhang, Hu Shi, Chen Duxiu, Qu Qiubai and many others were built and destroyed because the view of them changed.
This school of thought was conservative in that it directly opposed the New Cultural Movement (xin wenhua yundong) led by such famous thinkers as Hu Shi (1891-1962), Chen Duxiu (1879-1942), Li Dazhao (1889-1927), and Lu Xun (1881-1936).