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Born 1879; died May 24, 1942. Figure in the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Ch’en Tu-hsiu became editor of the journal Hsin ch’in-nien in 1915 and subsequently was a professor at the school of letters at Peking National University. He also served as dean of the school. Ch’en took part in the patriotic anti-imperialist May Fourth Movement of 1919. In 1920 he organized in Shanghai the first Communist circle in China. He was elected secretary of the Provisional Bureau at the First Congress of the CPC in 1921 and general secretary of the party’s Central Committee at the Second Congress of the CPC in 1922.
At an extraordinary conference of the Central Committee of the CPC held on Aug. 7,1927, Ch’en was removed from the post of general secretary because of his errors during the Revolution of 1925–27. In November 1929 the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPC expelled Ch’en from the party for his Trotskyist positions.