Chen Yi


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Chen Yi

(chŭn yē), 1901–72, Chinese Communist general and statesman. Chen was a political instructor (1925) in the KuomintangKuomintang
[Chin.,=national people's party] (KMT), Chinese and Taiwanese political party. Sung Chiao-jen organized the party in 1912, under the nominal leadership of Sun Yat-sen, to succeed the Revolutionary Alliance.
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 Whampoa Military Academy. After the Kuomintang-Communist alliance collapsed (1927), he joined the Fourth Red Army (1928) and was an early supporter of Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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. One of the outstanding Communist military commanders, Chen became acting commander (1941) and then commander (1946) of the New Fourth Army. After 1949 he was mayor of Shanghai and a dominant figure in E China. He succeeded Zhou EnlaiZhou Enlai
or Chou En-lai
, 1898–1976, Chinese Communist leader. A member of a noted Mandarin family, he was educated at an American-supported school in China and a university in Japan. His involvement in radical movements led to several months imprisonment.
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 as foreign minister (1958), serving during a period of intense rivalry between China and Russia for influence among developing nations. Chen was severely criticized during the Cultural RevolutionCultural Revolution,
1966–76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong in an attempt to prevent the development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.
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 despite attempts by Zhou to protect him. After 1967 his role was eclipsed by Zhou, who resumed the direction of foreign policy in his capacity as premier.
References in periodicals archive ?
India asked to withdraw : China denounces Delhi's adventure: The Chinese vice Premier and Foreign Minister Chen Yi denounced the adventure
Xinhua said the deaths and injuries occurred at Chen Yi Square, which is in Shanghai's popular riverfront Bund area, an avenue lined with art deco buildings from the 1920s and 1930s when Shanghai was home to international banks and trading houses.
The deaths and injuries happened in Chen Yi Square in Shanghai's popular riverfront Bund area, which is often jammed with people during major events.
The deaths and injuries happened in Chen Yi Square in Shanghai's popular riverfront Bund area, an avenue lined with Art Deco buildings from the 1920s and 1930s.
The government in China's gleaming business capital said large crowds started to stampede on Chen Yi Square, in the riverside area known as the Bund, just before midnight.
They included Chen Xiao Chun, Zheng Yi Jian, Liu Chang, Jin Da Chuan, Zhong Han Liang, Zhong Xiu Ping, Zhang Tie Lin, Zhang Yue Liang, LI Xiao Peng, LI An Qi, Chen Yi Ru and Zhou Wei Tong.
Since its opening in 1953, The People's Grand Hotel Xian has played a special role in the city's history: this is where visiting Chinese leaders, including the late Premier Zhou Enlai and Marshal Chen Yi stayed, as did former premier Zhu Rongji.
He said: "The older generation of revolutionaries like Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Chen Yi founded the People's Republic and ended a hundred years of humiliation .
The most prominent students included future Chinese political leaders Deng Xiaoping, Chen Yi (former vice-premier and second foreign minister of China), Nie Rongzhen (one of the 10 marshals of China) and Cai Hesen (one of earliest leaders of the Communist Party of China).
Dreamy music for late night listening comes from violinist Chen Yi and guitarist Lars Hannibal, with popular repertoire ranging from Handel's Largo via Massenet's Meditation to Kreisler's Liebeslied and Schon Rosmarin and Satie's Gymnopedies.
They were also given demonstrations of Chinese calligraphy by Chen Yi, who chairs the Chinese student union at Huddersfield University.