(kŏksĭng`gə), Mandarin Kuo-hsing-yeh [lord of the imperial surname], 1624–62, Chinese general, whose original name was Chêng Ch'êng-kung. From 1646 to 1660 he led many unsuccessful campaigns of Ming dynasty loyalists against the invading Ch'ing dynasty. Koxinga captured (1661) part of TaiwanTaiwan , Portuguese Formosa, officially Republic of China, island nation (2015 est. pop. 23,486,000), 13,885 sq mi (35,961 sq km), in the Pacific Ocean, separated from the mainland of S China by the 100-mi-wide (161-km) Taiwan Strait. .....Click the link for more information. from the Dutch. The population of the southern coast of China was evacuated (1662) to facilitate the defense against his raids. After the death of his son Chêng Ching, Taiwan fell to the Ch'ing (1683).
Origins and early career unknown; rose to prominence as leader of huge pirate and trading fleet operating along the Chinese coast from Japan to Vietnam (1621-1630); commissioned Admiral of the Coastal Seas by the waning Ming dynasty, he continued to serve the Ming dynasty after the fall of Peking (Beijing) (June 1644); appointed commander in chief of the Ming forces defending their new capital of Foochow (Fuzhou) following the fall of Nanking (Nanjing) (1645); decided to join the Manchus, and contrived to leave the passes from Chekiang (Zhejiang) into Fukien (Fujian) unguarded (1649); he was richly rewarded, and retired a very wealthy man; executed by the Manchu in reprisal for the activities of his son Cheng Ch'eng-kung (1661).