Cheng Ho

Cheng Ho


Zheng He

(both: jŭng` ho͝o`), 1371–c.1433, admiral, diplomat, and explorer during China's MingMing
, dynasty of China that ruled from 1368 to 1644. The first Ming emperor, Chu Yüan-chang (ruled 1368–98), a former Buddhist monk, joined a rebellion in progress, gained control of it, overthrew the Mongol Yüan dynasty, and unified all of China proper.
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 dynasty. At 10 he was captured by Chinese troops in Yunnan, castrated, and sent into the army. He rose in the ranks, became an officer, and in 1404 was named Grand Eunuch by Emperor Yung-loYung-lo
, 1359–1424, reign title of the 3d emperor (1403–24) of the Chinese Ming dynasty, whose personal name was Chu Ti. He rose to power in N China after being delegated by his father, the Ming founding emperor Hung Wu (reigned 1368–98), to lead the fight
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. The following year the emperor selected him to lead the first of seven epic expeditions (1405–33) that served to expand Chinese political influence and increase its tribute and trade. Sailing to SE Asia (1405–7), he commanded 62 ships laden with porcelain, lacquer, silk, gems, and other luxury goods. Subsequently commanding treasure fleets ranging from about 50 to more than 100 vessels, some of which were 500 ft (153 m) long, he also later sailed to India, Sri Lanka, Arabia, E Africa, and Egypt. On his fourth voyage (1413–15), Cheng returned with envoys from 30 foreign states who rendered homage to the emperor and sailed home on his sixth voyage (1421–23). Although China returned to an isolationist policy after the emperor's death (1424), Cheng made one last voyage (1431–33). A controversial theory posits that Cheng discovered the New World during his 1420s voyage, some 70 years before Columbus.


See L. Levathes, When China Ruled the Seas (1994); G. Menzies, 1421: The Year China Discovered America (2003).

Cheng Ho


Born 1371; died circa 1434. Chinese traveler, naval commander, and diplomat.

Cheng Ho led military and commercial maritime expeditions (1405–07, 1407–09, 1409–11, 1413–15, 1417–19, 1421–22, and 1431–33) to Indochina, Hindustan, the Arabian Peninsula, and East Africa.


Bokshchanin, A. A. Kitai i strany iuzhnykh morei v XIV–XVI vv. Moscow, 1968.
Svet, Ia. M. Za kormo isto tysiach li. Moscow, I960.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another factor was the numerous visits by the Chinese Muslim admiral Zheng He (who is known as Cheng Ho in Southeast Asia) who helped spread Islam throughout the Malay Archipelago.
Tarbela Dam General Manager Iqbal Masood Siddiqui, General Manager (Central Contract Cell) Nasir Hanif, Tarbela 4th Extension Hydropower Project Director Sohail Khan, Consultants Acting Project Manager Abdul Majeed, representative of civil contractors namely LingJianke, YungHeyi and Tuo Yu, representatives of electro-mechanical contractor namely Stephen Luis, Cheng Ho Chen and others attended the meeting.
Despite the differences between Hui and Han and the diversity and mutability of Hui Islamic expression in China, many PITI leaders still construct their own Islamic tradition by linking it with Muslims in China, promoting the history of Cheng Ho, and building a Chinese-style mosque.
Six hundred year ago, China ruled the seas in an armada called the "Treasure Fleet," commanded by the Imperial eunuch, Zheng He, formerly romanized as Cheng Ho.
Emperor Yongle, who started construction of China's Forbidden City, was interested in political and trade missions to the lands that ring the Indian Ocean and sent Admiral Zheng He, also known as Cheng Ho, to explore those shores.
The 4th World Peace Forum (WPF) was organized in Bogor by the Indonesian Muhammadiyah movement, a loose social organization which claims more than 40 million members, the Cheng Ho Multi Culture Education Trust of Malaysia and the Centre for Dialogue and Cooperation Among Civilizations (CDCC).
While the monograph's title places extraordinary emphasis on Admiral Cheng Ho of the Chinese Ming dynasty and the impact of his seven maritime voyages on Islam in Southeast Asia, its chapter structure and content have followed the original doctoral dissertation.
Junior tailback Cheng Ho, who rushed for 722 yards and seven TDs last year, leads the ground game.
For this is a voyage that will dazzle and bewilder as we swoop down into the Maya Renaissance, the myths and markets of early Islam, the conquests of Timur or the exploratory voyages of the Chinese navigator Cheng Ho.
Zheng He, sometimes known as Cheng Ho, was a eunuch and admiral of the world's greatest naval power in the early 15th century.
At around the time that the Chinese Emperor, Cheng Ho, was receiving a giraffe at the gates of his inner palace in Beijing, the gift of the King of Malindi of East Africa, a young prince was leading an attack on Ceuta on the North African coast.
Number of ships that sailed in the first expedition of Cheng Ho, the 15th-century Chinese explorer : 287