Chengde

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Chengde

or

Chengteh

(both: chŭng-do͝o), city (1994 est. pop. 263,600), N Hebei prov., China, near the Luan River. It is a distribution center for lumber products, fruits, and pharmaceuticals, and has textile mills. Copper and coal deposits are south of the city. The city is north of Beijing, with which it is connected by rail. The former summer capital of the Ch'ingCh'ing
or Manchu
, the last of the Imperial dynasties of China. Background

The Ch'ing dynasty was established by the Manchus, who invaded China and captured Beijing in 1644, and lasted until 1911.
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 dynasty (1644–1911), Chengde is surrounded by large parks with lakes, palaces, pavilions, and temples. The most notable building is a Lamaist temple duplicating the Potala palace in Lhasa, Tibet. Until 1956 the capital of former Rehe prov., Chengde was formerly called Rehe.

Chengde

, Chengteh, Ch'eng-te
a city in NE China, in Hebei on the Luan River: summer residence of the Manchu emperors. Pop.: 470 000 (2005 est.)