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see ChengduChengdu
or Chengtu,
city (1994 est. pop. 1,932,800), capital of Sichuan prov., SW China, on the Min River. It is a port and the commercial center of the Chengdu plain, the main farming area of Sichuan. Its irrigation system dates back to the 2d cent. B.C.
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, China.



a city in Southwest China, in the valley of the Min Chiang. Capital of Szechwan Province. Population, 2.2 million (1975).

Ch’engtu is a major transportation junction and industrial center. The city’s machine-building industry manufactures such products as radios, machine tools, instruments, precision tools, and transportation equipment. There is copper and aluminum smelting. The city also manufactures rolled pipes, chemical products, textiles, food products, wood products, and leather goods. A fossil-fuel-fired steam power plant is located in the city. Ch’engtu, which is noted for its fine handicrafts, has a university.

Ch’engtu was founded in the fourth century B.C. It was the capital of the Shu state from A.D. 221 to A.D. 263 and the capital of the Earlier and Later Shu kingdoms from 908 to 965. From 1644 to 1646 the city was occupied by the rebel army of Chang Hsien-chung. In the second half of the 17th century, after the Manchu conquest of China, it became the capital of Szechwan Province. In September 1911 the city was besieged by nationalist rebels (seeSZECHWAN UPRISING OF 1911). The city was freed from Kuomintang rule by the People’s Liberation Army of China on Dec. 27, 1949.

Early in the Common Era, Ch’engtu was renowned for its brocades and was often called Chinch’eng, or “city of brocade.” The city has numerous gardens and parks, and its architectural monuments include the Wu-hou Tz’u shrine (16th–18th centuries), the temple Ch’ing Yang Kung (literally, “Black Sheep Palace”; 13th century), and the monastery Pao Kuang Ssu. The Tu Fu House-Museum and the Szechwan Provincial Museum are located in Ch’engtu.


, Chengtu, Ch'eng-tu
a city in S central China, capital of Sichuan province. Pop.: 3 478 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Throughout her time in Chengtu Spicer seems to have enjoyed her wider role in university affairs, chairing both the Advisory Committee for Joint Religious Activities of the different institutions at WCUU and also the Committee for Student Evangelism in Isolated Universities.
action after cargo ship Chengtu received their distress It was a tough day at the office for Sam Warburton " They were dealing with "10
The Chengtu was on its way to Hong Kong but after receiving the distress message diverted its course to Los Angeles and travelled 15 hours to reach the damaged yacht.
Patterns similar to the lattice developed in this section can be found in Chengtu in Szechwan province (see [1] page 43).
He's the man who built the Chengtu railroad, the director of the railway company.
It was on our last day before we leave for Chengtu when we finished our temple tour Ven.
After the Japanese capitulation, he moved to Nanking in the autumn of 1945, where he worked at the National Library, lived in a Buddhist monastery, served as a secretary in the Ministry of Education, and taught in the Foreign Languages Department at Chinling University, after the university had returned from Chengtu in autumn of 1946.
Their rescuers swung into action after cargo ship Chengtu received their distress call.
That month, he also asked Chiang Kai-shek to build five B-29 fields in the Chengtu, China, area by March 1944.
The Chinese and Western Research Institute, Chengtu," folder 13, CSMC.
The Chengtu Area sits in large bowl 450-500 miles across.
We were based in India and we were resupplied out of Chengtu.