Chenopodiaceae


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Chenopodiaceae

[‚kē·nə‚pō·dē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Caryophyllales having reduced, mostly greenish flowers.

Chenopodiaceae

 

(goosefoot), a family of dicotyledonous plants including grasses, subshrubs, and less commonly, shrubs or small trees. The stems are often juicy and jointed. The leaves are generally alternate and without stipules. The flowers are opaque, apetalous, bisexual or unisexual, and usually regular; they are clustered in small inflorescences, or glomerules, which are then gathered into compound inflorescences. The pistil has two or, less commonly, three to five carpels. The ovary is one-celled and usually superior (rarely, as in the beet, is it half-inferior). The fruit is generally single-seeded and dry, with the remaining perianth forming various growths that are sometimes brilliantly colored. Some species of Chenopodiaceae, such as beets and spinach, have perianth-like bracts that enclose the fruit and grow together to form aggregate fruits. The seed embryos are U-shaped (or ring-like) or spiral.

According to the shape of the embryo, two large groups, or subfamilies, are distinguished—Chenopodioideae and Salsoloideae. The family contains both monoecious and dioecious plants, which usually grow on alkaline soils in deserts, semideserts, and steppes, as well as along seashores. Many species are weeds.

There are approximately 100 genera, comprising 1,500 species, distributed primarily along the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, in the deserts of Asia, Africa and Australia, and on the prairies and pampas of America. Fifty genera, with more than 350 species, are found in the USSR, including beets, spinach, Anabasis, saxaul, goosefoot, and saltwort. Many species are of considerable importance, particularly as feed for livestock in deserts and semideserts.

REFERENCES

Il’in, M. M. “Marevye—Chenopodiaceae Less.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 6. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936.
Ulbrich, E. “Chenopodiaceae.” In Die naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien, 2nd ed., vol. 16c. Leipzig, 1934.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
7] reported also that Psammomys obesus is a strict herbivore fond of succulent Chenopodiaceae.
2013), host range of CMV on thirty one crops of different families; eleven crops belonging to Cucurbitaceae, Compositae, Chenopodiaceae, Amaranthaceae, Leguminosae and Solanaceae family showed viral disease expression.
1942); 27-28 July, Yuma County (Rehn & Hebard 1908); 18 August, Coconino County (Wallace 1955); and 11 July, Pima County (Wallace 1955); CALIFORNIA, 19 July, Riverside County and 27 July, Mono County (Wallace 1955); NEVADA, nymphs on various Chenopodiaceae as late as 22 August at the Nevada Test Site, primarily Nye County (Barnum 1964).
Berro HF, manantial, rio, arroyo, cienega u ojo de agua Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
In terms of plant families, species from Chenopodiaceae, Cyperaceae and Compositae were preferred by the great gerbil as their major food source in any season.
1 Asteraceae Native Cony--a canadensis Asteraceae Native Erigeron annuus Asteraceae Native Lactuca canadensis Asteraceae Introduced Lactuca serriola Asteraceae Native Pyrrhopappus carolinianus Asteraceae Native Solidago canadensis Asteraceae Native Taraxacum officinale Brassicaceae Introduced Capsella burla pastoris Convolvulaceae Native Calystegia sepium Chenopodiaceae -- Chenopodium sp.
Muestra H-571 H-572 H-573 H-574 H-575 H-576 ACANTHACEAE Avicennia germinans - - - - - - AMARANTHACEAE- CHENOPODIACEAE Amaranthacea- - - - - - - Chenopodiaceae ANACARDICACEAE Anacardiaceae sp.
Suaeda monoica is a salt marsh herb growing in hyper saline soils that belongs to Chenopodiaceae and is distributed throughout the East and West coast mangroves in India.
Anabasis Setifera, from the family of chenopodiaceae is an under shrub with numerous branches, which are covered with succulent leaves," a FEC spokesperson said.
no fue mencionado en la revision de la familia Chenopodiaceae en la Flora Fanerogamica Argentina (Giusti, 2000) y posteriormente fue tratado como un taxon dudoso en el Catalogo de las plantas vasculares del Cono Sur (Mulgura de Romero & Marticorena, 2008).