Cherin’ko, Ivan Ivanovich
Born July 22 (Aug. 4), 1908, in the village of Den’gi, in what is now Zolotonosha Raion, Cherkassy Oblast; died Oct. 6, 1948, in Ashkhabad. Soviet painter. Honored Art Worker of the Turkmen SSR (1945).
Cherin’ko studied at the Kiev Art Institute from 1926 to 1931 under B. F. Uits and M. D. Bernshtein. He was chairman of the administrative board of the Artists’ Union of Turkmenistan in 1938 and from 1945 to 1948. He taught in the Sh. Rustaveli Turkmen Art School from 1933 to 1936 and from 1938 to 1940.
Cherin’ko played an important role in educating professional Turkmen artists and in promoting the method of socialist realism in the art of Soviet Turkmenistan. He painted thematic pictures, portraits, and landscapes dealing with social transformations in Soviet Turkmenia, such as The Smithy (1928), The Bey: ThePowers That Be (1940), The Daring Horseback Riders (1944–46), and Spring in Bagir (1947). These works by Cherin’ko are on exhibit in the Museum of Fine Arts of the Turkmen SSR, in Ashkhabad.