These evaluations taught KUTV students to measure one another against a distinctly Soviet standard of masculinity modeled on revolutionary heroes such as the ones created by Nikolai Chernyshevskii
, Sergei Nechaev, and more contemporary Soviet writers.
Because Russia lagged behind Western Europe economically, Russian socialists such as Alexander Herzen (1812-1870) and Nikolai Chernyshevskii
(1828-1889) believed that it could avoid the initial stages of capitalist accumulation (and all of its horrors) and leap into socialism by emulating the peasant communes with their culture of equality through distribution.
This contrast may owe something to Chernyshevskii
's banal dissertation on aesthetics, in which vitality and torpor were identified as key components in the conceptions of beauty that Chernyshevskii
attributed to the common people and the upper classes respectively.
This was an unwitting self-commentary, since in the suppressed Chapter Four of The Gift, the positivist aesthetician Nikolai Chernyshevskii
used the example of mannequins in a women's fashion store to argue that life was superior to art.
a crude didactic novel by Nikolai Chernyshevskii
, the son of a priest, the nihilists made several attempts to topple the existing order before assassinating Alexander II, the tsar who approved the "great reforms" of the 1860s.
42 on Chernyshevskii
Street, the same one inhabited by Savin.
One finds also, in contrast to both Soviet and Western critics of Marx's "Oriental despotism" thesis who charge that it does not constitute a class analysis, that the 1881 drafts contain an explicit discussion, drawn in part from the populist Chernyshevskii
, of the concrete mechanisms through which the mir was exploited by the state, the landed nobility, and local merchants and users.
Iconic cultural figures such as Karamzin, Pushkin, Belinskii, Herzen, Turgenev, and Chernyshevskii
The central focus of the study falls on the work of Vladimir Solov'ev, Lev Shestov, Vasilii Rozanov, and Nikolai Berdiaev, with reflections on a prehistory in the works of Vissarion Belinskii and Nikolai Chernyshevskii
and 'survival' in the works of Aleksei Losev, Andrei Platonov, and Boris Pasternak.
Many intelligent Russians decided that the best response to endemic poverty was to join the revolutionary movement and work for socialism, but except for Chernyshevskii
they do not figure among those whom she considers seriously concerned about poverty.
Some of the figures upon whom her narrative concentrates play a prominent role in every study of the intelligentsia: Herzen and Ogarev, Chernyshevskii
, Dobroliubov, and Pisarev.
The radicals' chief representatives were the critics Nikolai Chernyshevskii
and Nikolai Dobroliubov, together with Dmitrii Pisarev, who wrote prolifically on Heine.