Cherokee Strip


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Cherokee Strip

or

Cherokee Outlet,

a narrow piece of land in N Oklahoma. Bounded on the north by the Kansas border, it has an area of more than 6 million acres (2.4 million hectares). Measuring some 50 mi (80 km) wide, it extends about 200 mi (322 km) east from the eastern end of the state's panhandle. The area once constituted the western extension of CherokeeCherokee
, largest Native American group in the United States. Formerly the largest and most important tribe in the Southeast, they occupied mountain areas of North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee.
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 Nation lands and was sold to the United States in 1891. The Strip was opened to non–Native American settlement on Sept. 19, 1893, precipitating the greatest land run in U.S. history, in which more than 50,000 staked claims. Oklahoma cities that sprang from the prairie that day include Alva, Enid, Ponca City, and Woodward. The Cherokee Strip was included in the Oklahoma Territory and later (1907) became part of the new state.
References in periodicals archive ?
Here we have the account of Adam Ratzlaff, who arrived in the Cherokee Strip a poor man but managed to bequeath 160 acres to each of his seventeen children; of Henry Becker, who in 1918 was court-martialed and imprisoned in Fort Leavenworth but still believed young men ought to be drafted; of Elda Wiebe Martens and Henry Martens, who work on the Oklahoma Mennonite relief sale and are amazed that the market for quilts is never saturated.