Cherry Tree


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Cherry Tree

Legend, song, and custom link the cherry tree to the Christmas season. In all three the cherry tree performs unusual feats in response to the power of God or the magic of the season.

Legends

An old Christian legend, first recorded in the apocryphal Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew, makes the cherry tree the subject of one of the infant Jesus' first miracles. The original Latin text containing the tale dates back to the eighth or ninth century. This version of the story tells of an event that occurred shortly after Jesus'birth. Joseph, Mary, and the infant Jesus were traveling in the desert. The couple spied a palm tree and went to rest under its shadow. Joseph worried about how they were going to find water. Mary expressed a wish for the dates she saw hanging high above them. Joseph scolded his wife for asking for something so far out of his reach. Then the baby Jesus spoke to the tree, ordering it to bend down so his mother could gather the fruit. The tree obeyed. Jesus also commanded an underground spring to surface so they could drink and fill their water bags.

As the tale passed from one teller to another, many variations occurred. In later versions of the story the incident takes place before Jesus is born. Moreover, as the tale became popular in Europe, the tree which Jesus commands to bow down changes to species more familiar to Europeans. In Britain, the newer versions of the story featured a cherry tree. In these later interpretations of the tale, Joseph and his pregnant wife are walking by some cherry trees laden with ripe fruit. Mary asks Joseph to pick some cherries for her. He refuses in a rude manner, with the implication that he still questions the origins of her mysterious pregnancy. Jesus, from inside the womb, then commands the cherry tree to bow down so his mother can pick fruit. Joseph stands by sheepishly and observes this miracle. The earliest recorded version of this story in the English language appeared in a fifteenth-century miracle play. Eventually this popular tale was set to music in the Christmas song known as "The Cherry Tree Carol" (seealso Christmas Carol).

Customs

In medieval Europe a miracle play concerning the expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden was often performed around Christmas time. The play featured one central prop, the paradise tree. Apples hung from its branches as a symbol of Eve's act of disobedience, but some also added cherries as a symbol of Mary.

According to an old custom, Germans, Czechs, Austrians, Poles, and other central and eastern Europeans begin Barbara branches on December 4, St. Barbara's Day. A branch is broken off a cherry tree and kept in a pot of water near the stove. This premature warmth encourages the branch to blossom. Old folklore suggests that if the buds blossom on Christmas Eve, the girl who tended the branch will find a good husband within the year. Others interpret the Christmas flowers as signs that good fortune will visit the household in the coming year. This old custom has regained some popularity among Western Christians. Instead of cherry branches, some people use apple, plum, almond, forsythia, jasmine, or horse chestnut branches.

Further Reading

Coffin, Tristram P. The Book of Christmas Folklore. New York: Seabury Press, 1973. Crippen, Thomas G. Christmas and Christmas Lore. 1923. Reprint. Detroit, Mich.: Omnigraphics, 1990. Leach, Maria, ed. Funk and Wagnalls Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythol-ogy, and Legend. New York: Harper and Row, 1984. MacDonald, Margaret Read, ed. The Folklore of World Holidays. Detroit, Mich.: Gale Research, 1992. Thompson, Sue Ellen, ed. Holiday Symbols. Detroit, Mich.: Omnigraphics, 1998. Weiser, Francis X. The Christmas Book. 1952. Reprint. Detroit, Mich.: Omnigraphics, 1990.

cherry tree

young George Washington’s admission of chopping it down was proof of his honesty. [Am. Legend: Misc.]
See: Honesty
References in periodicals archive ?
The flowering cherry tree, now residing in the wild meadow garden, is dedicated to the Brookes family of gardeners who planted trees and shrubs in Ropner Park.
such as describing the roles of Scidmore and Fairchild, while others describe the biology of the cherry tree, such as how a tree is cultivated through grafting.
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The century-plus-old Oregon Heritage Cherry Tree is in the 8-acre rose garden that's a short walk downriver from Skinner Butte Park in downtown Eugene.
Reconfiguration and reconstruction of Cherry Tree Road/Bethel Road intersection to accommodate 4 lanes on SR 322, including construction of a new traffic signal, a Bethel Road connector and left turn lanes on SR 322.
The first Cherry Tree Trot was held in 1981 and the event has been held every two years since.
Alan Davison Cup first-round |ties will be: Wansbeck Pots and Slots v Newsham Victory, Blyth United Services v A E Riverside Phoenix, East Chevington v Newbiggin Bankhouse, High Street Blyth v Cramlington Level,Marden Residents v Burradon and New Fordley, Ashington Northern v FC Beacon Whitley Bay, Cramlington Green v Blyth Waterloo SC, Ashington Grand v Ashington Bubbles, Ashington Excelsior v Stakeford Cherry Tree, Red Lion Bedlington v North Shields The Tun, Forest Hall CC v Blyth Last Orders, Broomhill North End Trap v Blyth Seahorse.
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Kathryn Jill McCall, who worked as a nursing manager at Cherry Tree House nursing home in Carrickfergus, Co Antrim, between 2007 and 2011, did not appear at the Nursing and Midwifery Council hearing.
In 2009 she opened a gallery in Clayton Square in Liverpool and earlier this year the registered charity - called Madelainartz - moved to the Cherry Tree shopping centre in Wirral in March.
The only requisite when siting your cherry tree is at least half a day in the sun for the best results, so not too shady a spot.
It said the officers acted after two Ma'on settlers accused the boys of damaging a fence of a cherry tree field.