Chesapeake & Ohio Railway

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Chesapeake & Ohio Railway

(C&O), former U.S. transportation company with railroad lines in eight states, Washington, D.C., and Ontario, Canada. Founded as the Louisa RR Company in Virginia in 1836, the railroad changed its name to the Virginia Central Company in 1850. It served the Confederate armies during the Civil War and was severely damaged by Union raids. In 1869 financier Collis P. Huntington purchased the line; it became the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway in 1878. In the 1960s the C&O received nearly all of its net income from carrying freight and was the nation's largest carrier of bituminous coal. The C&O merged with the Baltimore & Ohio RRBaltimore & Ohio Railroad
(B&O), first U.S. public railroad, chartered in 1827 by a group of Baltimore businessmen to regain trans-Allegheny traffic lost to the newly opened Erie Canal.
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 in 1965 and in 1980 the combined company became part of the newly formed CSX Corporation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prior to its absorption by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, the Hocking Valley Railway had been the longest railroad lying entirely within the state of Ohio and played a significant role in the development of the regional economy.
A similar agreement covering the former Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) portions of the CSXT system is awaiting ratification later this month.
He began his business career in 1953 as an attorney with the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company.
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