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Cheshire(chĕsh`ər), county, W central England, on the N border with Wales. The county seat was ChesterChester,
city (1991 pop. 80,154), Cheshire West and Chester, W central England, on a sandstone height above the Dee River. It is a railroad junction. Manufactures include electrical equipment, paint, and window panes. Tourism is also important.
..... Click the link for more information. . Other principal population centers included NorthwichNorthwich
, town (1991 pop. 32,664), Cheshire West and Chester, W central England, at the confluence of the Weaver and Dane rivers. Northwich was once the center of England's salt production; however, the manufacture of chemicals has become its leading occupation.
..... Click the link for more information. , CreweCrewe
, town (1991 pop. 59,097), Cheshire East, W central England. It is an important railroad junction with large locomotive and car works, including Rolls-Royce motors.
..... Click the link for more information. , and MacclesfieldMacclesfield
, town (1991 pop. 46,832), Cheshire East, W England. Silk manufacture, of which Macclesfield is the principal center in England, was introduced in the town in 1756. Other manufactures are clothing, shoes, electrical appliances, and paper. The Church of St.
..... Click the link for more information. .
Cheshire was made a palatinate by William I and maintained some of its privileges as such until 1830. The numerous black-and-white-timbered manor houses attest to the county's prosperity in the 16th and 17th cent. Much later, the population of the county greatly increased with the industrialization and suburbanization of the Wirral peninsula and the part of Cheshire just S of Manchester.
In 1974, most of Cheshire became part of the new nonmetropolitan county of Cheshire; NW Cheshire (including BirkenheadBirkenhead,
city (1991 pop. 99,075) and port, Wirral metropolitan borough, W central England, at the mouth of the Mersey River; connected with Liverpool by the Mersey tunnel. Birkenhead has extensive docks. There are engineering, food-processing and clothing plants.
..... Click the link for more information. ) became part of the former metropolitan county of MerseysideMerseyside,
former metropolitan county, NW England. Created in the 1974 local government reorganization, the county embraced the Greater Liverpool metropolitan area and comprised five metropolitan districts (metropolitan boroughs): Wirral, Sefton, Liverpool, Knowsley, and St.
..... Click the link for more information. , and NE Cheshire (including StockportStockport,
metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 276,800), W central England, located in the Manchester metropolitan area on the slopes of a narrow valley at the head of the Mersey River. The ravine is crossed by a high railroad viaduct built in the 19th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. ) became part of the former metropolitan county of Greater ManchesterGreater Manchester,
former metropolitan county, 497 sq mi (1,288 sq km), W central England. It comprised ten administrative districts (metropolitan boroughs): Bolton, Bury, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, and Wigan.
..... Click the link for more information. . In 1998, Halton and Warrington in N Cheshire became administratively independent of the county. Cheshire was abolished as an administrative county in 2009, but it remains a ceremonial county under the Lieutenancies Act, and its name survives in the unitary authorities of Cheshire East and Cheshire West and Chester.
Cheshire,town (1990 pop. 25,684), New Haven co., S central Conn., in a farm area; settled 1695, inc. 1780. It is chiefly residential, with some light industry. The painter John Frederick KensettKensett, John Frederick
, 1816–72, American landscape painter, of the Hudson River school, b. Cheshire, Conn. He began painting while working as an engraver and in 1840 went to England to study.
..... Click the link for more information. was born in Cheshire.
a county in Great Britain. Population, 902,300 (1974). The administrative center of Cheshire is Chester. Cheshire’s main industries are chemicals, nonferrous metallurgy, and machine building. Dairy farming is the chief sector of the county’s agriculture. Cheshire’s industrial centers—Warrington, Widnes, and Runcorn—are situated along the Manchester Canal. Salt is mined in the region.