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(Russian, chetniki; Serbo-Croatian, četnici), in the Balkans:

(1) From the 15th to the 19th century, participants (mainly haiduks) in the armed struggle waged by partisan detachments for national liberation from the Ottoman yoke. Prominent members of the Chetnik movement in Bulgaria in the 1860’s included G. S. Rakovski, P. Khitov, F. Tofo, S. T. Karadzha, and Khadzhi Dimitur.

(2) Members of a reactionary organization, participants in the nationalistic Greater Serbia movement (headed by General D. Mihajlovic) and other antinationalist groups in Yugoslavia that fought against the forces of people’s liberation during World War II.

References in periodicals archive ?
120) "Court Rehabilitates WW2-Era Chetnik Leader Draza Mihailovic," b92, (14 May 2015), http://www.
Draja Mihailovich [Draza Mihailovic], leader of the Chetniks [guerrillas of the royalist, anti-communist Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland], had gathered these men, protected them, fed them, and brought them all together in one area so that the Americans could "rescue" them.
Yesterday pretty Rosemary Evered, 27, claimed Chetnik, 30, was the father of her two-and-a-half year old daughter, Christina.
Minds were closed to Mihailovic and the Chetniks because they were fighting a double war, one against the Germans and one against Tito's Partisans, who meant to establish a communist dictatorship in Yugoslavia at the end of the war.
Civil servant Chetnik, from Lakeside in Cardiff, fell for a 23-year-old bar girl named Am after arriving in Thailand in April.
Chetnik in the field of road, conventions, sidewalks, parking lots, intersections, network street lighting, storm water drainage and the construction and reconstruction of conflicting technical infrastructure,2) Wojciech Oczki and its extension to the street.
Karadzic and Boban are excrescences of the Chetnik and Ustasha traditions (Karadzic is not even a Bosnian, hailing as he does from Montenegro).
People who are so committed to Balkan history might do worse than look up, as Cigar has, the original program of the Serbian Chetnik leadership.
The freedom struggle is in its first days, without the rule of law, and many honest and worthy people are being killed; Nicifor is executed, without charge or trial, by partisan fighters; Gojko joins up with chetnik fighters in the mountains, and at the end of the war he is taken to Italy, to a camp near Naples, where the hard and grim life of the inmates does not differ at all from that of the Italian villagers, on the verge of starvation.
Somewhat skipping the "human face" stage, it allied itself with overt fascists like the Chetnik movement of Vojislav Seselj and embarked upon a war of conquest and extermination against its neighbors, as well as a campaign of lying and repression at home.
Its office building was an early target of the Serbian Chetnik gunners who have been reducing the city to misery and destitution.
Voluntary ex ante transparency notice: performing works on clearing of bushes and trees along the easement of 400 kv ohl pioner- chetnik, 400 kv ohl iskar, 400 kv ohl murgash vl 220 kv borovan, vl 220 kv brenitsa, vl 110 kv brusen.