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(also chetverti, chetvertnye prikazy), institutions of the central government in Russia in the second half of the 16th and in the 17th century that fulfilled financial, administrative, and judicial functions involving the part of the population subject to the tiaglo (system of state duties) in certain regions of the country.

First mentioned in 1561 and 1562, the cheti were created after the abolition of kormlenie (system of local administration). In the early 17th century cheti were organized for the collection of direct and indirect taxes from the population in designated areas; an exception was the Novaia Chetvert’. The Novgorod Chetvert’ (Nizhegorodskaia Chetvert’) had jurisdiction over Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Pskov, Vologda, Arkhangel’sk, and their districts. The Vladimir Chetvert’ dealt with Vladimir, Tver’, Tula, Orel, and their districts. The Kostroma Chetvert’ (Yaroslavl Chetvert’) handled Kostroma, Yaroslavl, Murom, and their districts. The Galich Chetvert’ had authority over Galich, Belooze-ro, Shuia, and their districts. The Ustiug Chetvert’ dealt with Velikii Ustiug, Sol’vychegodsk, and their districts.

Part of the chetvert’ revenues went to the prikazy (government offices); the rest was used to pay the salaries of the upper ranks of the sluzhilye liudi (civil service class), including the elite of the provincial nobility, known as the chetvertchiki. In the 1670’s and 1680’s the cheti declined in importance, as the Novgorod, Vladimir, Galich, and Ustiug chetverti were made subordinate to the Posol’skii Prikaz (Foreign Office), the Kostroma Chetvert’ was subordinated to the Streletskii Prikaz (Musketeers’ Prikaz), and virtually all tax-collecting responsibilities were transferred to other institutions.

In 1683 and 1684 the cheti were to some degree reactivated when they regained the prerogative of collecting most of their former taxes, except for customs duties and taxes on liquor; shortly thereafter the cheti and the prikazy to which they belonged were abolished when the government was reorganized at the beginning of the 18th century.


Stashevskii, E. D. K voprosu o torn, kogda i pochemu voznikli “cheti”? Kiev, 1908.
Sadikov, P. A. Ocherki po istorii oprichniny. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950.
Nosov, N. E. Stanovlenie soslovno-predstavitel’nykh uchrezhdenii v Rossii: Izyskaniia o Zemskoi reforme Ivana Groznogo. Leningrad, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
What the Nigerian military has been weak at doing, and I think the Boko Haram insurgency has exposed this, is dealing with asymmetrical war," said Manji Cheto, vice president of Teneo Intelligence, a risk analysis organisation in London.
According to Cheto, the best weapon against such tactics is intelligence gathering, something the Nigerian military, and many of its neighbours, do not have a good track record in.
Popular personalities including Don Cheto, Noel Torres, Tucanes de Tijuana, Arrolladora Banda El Limon, Luis Coronel, Enrique Gratas, Myrka Dellanos, Julion Alvarez, Banda los Recoditos, and Kevin Ortiz have all joined the education campaign, " No Pierdas Estrella TV," to rally to keep Estrella TV on air.
Caerleon inflicted another defeat on Maesteg Park who went down 2-0, the goals coming from Simon Trueman and Luke Cheto.
Cheto Olias, chief ranger at Zion National Park, said that some of the violence arises because of the parks' remote locations.
52: "Messer Pietro, se voi non state cheto, io diro' tutte quelle che io stesso ho vedute e udite de' vostri veneziani che non son poche, e massimamente quando voglion fare il cavalcatore.
Predictably, Cheto chooses the most beautiful girl and equally predictably, the girl who eventually arrives in Paris is her elder unmarried sister, Mina, a plain and physically unattractive woman.
Dressed simply in T-shirts and jeans, they dive straight into the twists and turns of songs like "Paid Cheto Ar Pam" (Don't cheat on Pam), "Miss Trudy," and "The Game of Eyes" - Brian Wilson-like melodies interspersed with moments of furious trance rocking.
This change was primarily attributable to declines in advertising revenues in our Dallas, Houston and Los Angeles markets, partially offset by an increase in syndication revenues generated by our program featuring Don Cheto.
For the first time since 2004, Univision's Piolin morning show dropped to #2 in the market and was beaten by LBI's Don Cheto morning show in Los Angeles.
Live broadcast on La que Buena radio, hosted by popular DJ Don Cheto 1:45 p.
Our newest television program, El Show de Don Cheto, benefits from the popularity of our top radio personality, Don Cheto, by expanding his talent into a daily variety show.