Michel Éugène Chevreul

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Chevreul, Michel Éugène

 

Born Aug. 31, 1786, in Angers; died Apr. 9, 1889, in Paris. French organic chemist. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1826). Professor at the Lycée Charlemagne (from 1813) and the natural history museum in Paris (from 1830).

Chevreul’s main works deal with the chemistry of fats (1810–23). Chevreul established the chemical composition of fats and, by saponification, isolated stearic, oleic, palmitic, and other acids. He gave the name “glycerin” to the “sweet principle of oils and fats” discovered by K. Scheele. Chevreul derived a number of dyes from plants, including hematoxylin (1811), quercitrin (1831), morin (1831), and luteolin (1833); he also derived creatine from meat extract (1835). Chevreul proposed an efficient system of color classification. His research has found applications in the manufacture of soap, stearin, and certain dyes.

Chevreul was a foreign corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1853).

WORKS

Resume d’une histoire de ia matière depuis les philosophes grecs jusqu’à Lavoisier inclusivement. Paris, 1878.
Recherches chimiques sur les corps gras d’origine animale. Paris, 1889.

REFERENCE

Manolov, K. Velikie khimiki, vol. 1. [Moscow] 1976. Pages 294–313. (Translated from Bulgarian.)
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Contract notice: Rehabilitation of chevreul building.
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Liebig started his training in Germany under Karl Wilhelm Kastner and subsequently spent time in Paris, where he met Louis Joseph Gay-Lussac (1778-1850), Louis Jacques Thenard (1777-1857), Michel Eugene Chevreul (1786-1889) (4, 5), and other French luminaries.
This is not the side of Van Gogh most familiar to an Anglo-Saxon audience, and it is to the great credit of the exhibitions curators, Joachim Pissarro, Sjraar van Heugten and Chris Stolwijk, and their colleagues that--amid the obligatory verbiage devoted to Japanese prints, the colour theories of Chevreul, modernist 'flatness', and other similarly over-studied topics--they have included a measure of this religious and biographical background in their instructive and handsome catalogue.
In the late 1700s, French researcher Francois Poulletier de la Salle first discovered it in solid form from gallstones; and around 1815, another French chemist, Michel Eugene Chevreul, was the first to isolate and purify this sterol (as well as several other lipids).
Coverage includes a short history of color harmony from ancient Greece to modern times followed by analyses of 12 key books on color, including the work of Goethe, Chevreul, Helmholtz, Munsell, Katz, Kandinsky, Pope, Wright, Judd, Arnheim, Itten, and Albers.
Noted ninteenth-century color theorist, Michel Eugene Chevreul observed that just as dark and light oppositions enhance each other, color is likewise heightened when placed beside its "complement," the color located on the opposite side of the color wheel.
Influenced by the work of French chemist Michel-Eugene Chevreul (1786-1889), he believed that next to each other, colors appear as dissimilar as possible, both in optical composition and tonal value (4).
at the hotel Royal Parc de Seine at 6 rue Chevreul - 92150 SURESNES.
In 1913 Delaunay moved on to his own stylistic invention, dubbed "Orphism", an exploration of prismatic colour inspired by the theories of the chemist Chevreul.
Predicated in the color theories of Michel Eugene Chevreul and the spatial interrogations of Cubism, simultaneity connoted (broadly speaking) the dissolution of particular experience into a harmonic, universal rapport.
He also applied the color theory of a chemist, Michel-Eugene Chevreul (1786-1889).