Chiang Ching-kuo

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Chiang Ching-kuo

(jyäng jĭng-gwô), 1909–88, eldest son of Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek
, 1887–1975, Chinese Nationalist leader. He was also called Chiang Chung-cheng.

After completing military training with the Japanese Army, he returned to China in 1911 and took part in the revolution against the Manchus (see Ch'ing).
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, Chinese Nationalist leader, and president of Taiwan. Returning after 12 years in the Soviet Union (1937), he served in minor Chinese government posts until the Nationalist retreat to Taiwan (1949). Afterward he rose to control the armed forces, the intelligence agencies, and became powerful within the KuomintangKuomintang
[Chin.,=national people's party] (KMT), Chinese and Taiwanese political party. Sung Chiao-jen organized the party in 1912, under the nominal leadership of Sun Yat-sen, to succeed the Revolutionary Alliance.
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 party. He was defense minister (1965–72) and premier (1972–78) before becoming president in 1978, a post he held until his death. In his last years he oversaw significant democratization in Taiwan.

Chiang Ching-kuo

, Jiang Jing Guo
1910--88, Chinese statesman; the son of Chiang Kai-shek. He was prime minister of Taiwan (1971--78); president (1978--88)
References in periodicals archive ?
Chen was invited by President Chiang Ching Kuo of the Republic of China to join the Cabinet.
Although he married young and fathered two sons - Chiang Ching Kuo and Chiang Wei Kuo--the arranged marriage took second place to his true love, the military.
After Chiang's death, his eldest son, the Russian educated, General Chiang Ching Kuo, held the real power and became president in 1978.