Chibchan Languages

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Chibchan Languages

 

a language family of the Chibcha Indian tribes. The Chibchan languages are spoken in northeastern South America and southern Central America—in Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Panama, and Costa Rica. They comprise the following language groups: Western Chibchan (subgroups Talamanca, Barbacoa, Guatuso, and Cuna); Pacific Chibchan (Isthmian and Colombian Chibcha); Inter-Andean Chibchan (Paez, Coconuco, and Popayanense); and Eastern Chibchan (Cundinamarca, Arhuaco, Central-American Chibcha). Some scholars combine the Chibchan languages with the Misumalpan languages (Miskito, Sumo, Matagalpa) and other languages to form a Macro-Chibchan family.

REFERENCE

Mason, J. A. “The Languages of South America.” In Handbook of South American Indians, vol. 6. Washington, D.C., 1950.
References in periodicals archive ?
Analise de DNA mitocondrial sugere uma migracao Chibchan a Colombia
4) is identified as being filled by speakers of Mobe, Doraske, and Bokota (in the west) and Kuna (in the east), all Chibchan languages.
At the same time, others are classified as of a Chibchan origin, such as Borucas, Teribes, Bribris, Cabecares, and Huetares, and others yet, classified as Misumalpas, like Miskitos and Mayangnas, or Sumus, according to linguist Adolfo Constenla (1991).
Zaldivar M, Rocba O, Castro E, Barrantes R (2002) Species diversity of edible plants grown in homegardens of chibchan amerindians from Costa Rica.
Its geographical area coincides with the pre-Columbian homeland of the Chibchan Indians of South American origins, and the particular comarcas (that is to say, communities) that rebelled coincide with the places where Indian- Spanish battles occurred from 1526 to as recently as 1923.
Lutterworth Maiden Stakes, with Chibchan the leading fancy.
The highlight of Leicester's evening card is the EBF LutterworthMaidenStakes, with Chibchan the leading fancy.
Fonseca Zamora 2003 Goldwork and Chibchan Identity: Endogenous Change and Diffuse Unity in the Isthmo-Colombian Area, in J.
Papers discuss unidirectionality of grammaticalization in an evolutionary perspective, grammaticalization of Korean numeral classifiers, the grammaticalization of the German preposition von as a genitive equivalent, the grammaticalization of agreement in Chibchan, a grammaticalization perspective on decay and loss of applicatives in Siouan languages, the semantic diversity of generalized action verbs, predicting future change of relative clauses of Japanese, the catalytic function of constructional restrictions in grammaticalization, grammaticalization of periphrastic constructions, grammaticalization of honorific constructions in Japanese, and other topics.
reported, noneyewitness, inferred) can take on epistemic meanings, implying doubt on the part of the speaker as to the truth of the information they present (as in the Chibchan language Guaymi, for example, 1994: 203).
The Chibchan Stock comprises 21 Central and South American aboriginal languages distributed along the Atlantic coasts of Honduras and Nicaragua, most of Costa Rica, Panama, almost the whole Colombian territory and the North of Venezuela (Constenla-Umana 1991).