Chibchan Languages


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Related to Chibchan Languages: Guarani, Muisca, Chibcha language

Chibchan Languages

 

a language family of the Chibcha Indian tribes. The Chibchan languages are spoken in northeastern South America and southern Central America—in Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Panama, and Costa Rica. They comprise the following language groups: Western Chibchan (subgroups Talamanca, Barbacoa, Guatuso, and Cuna); Pacific Chibchan (Isthmian and Colombian Chibcha); Inter-Andean Chibchan (Paez, Coconuco, and Popayanense); and Eastern Chibchan (Cundinamarca, Arhuaco, Central-American Chibcha). Some scholars combine the Chibchan languages with the Misumalpan languages (Miskito, Sumo, Matagalpa) and other languages to form a Macro-Chibchan family.

REFERENCE

Mason, J. A. “The Languages of South America.” In Handbook of South American Indians, vol. 6. Washington, D.C., 1950.
References in periodicals archive ?
The present paper reports on a study that analyzed restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) to identify the mtDNA haplogroups associated with various indigenous Colombian groups in order to establish their genetic structures and consider possible relationships between haplogroup frequencies and linguistic affiliations, particularly to reexamine proposed relationships between the extent of the Chibchan language family and high frequencies of haplogroup A.
4) is identified as being filled by speakers of Mobe, Doraske, and Bokota (in the west) and Kuna (in the east), all Chibchan languages.
This article proposes a classification of the Chibchan languages spoken in Costa Rica based on three parameters: the basic type of numeration, the placement of the number in the phrase as determiner, and the existence of a correlation between the number and certain gender classes of nouns.