Chichimec

Chichimec

(chēchēmĕk`), general term for the peoples of the Valley of Mexico between the periods of ToltecToltec
, ancient civilization of Mexico. The name in Nahuatl means "master builders." The Toltec formed a warrior aristocracy that gained ascendancy in the Valley of Mexico c.A.D. 900 after the fall of Teotihuacán.
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 ascendancy and AztecAztec
, Indian people dominating central Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest. Their language belonged to the Nahuatlan subfamily of Uto-Aztecan languages. They arrived in the Valley of Mexico from the north toward the end of the 12th cent.
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 ascendancy. Before the 11th cent. the Chichimec were nomadic peoples on the northern fringes of the valley. The Chichimec period (c.950–1300) was one of intertribal warfare and political confusion, but it prepared the way for the tributary empire of the Aztec.
References in periodicals archive ?
To begin, it stages a frontier reality that Alarcon, growing up as he did during the Chichimec War, could not have failed to experience.
However, we know that at least in the Convent of Corpus Christi there were Nahua, Olomi, and Chichimec women; in the Convent of Nuestra Senora de Cosamaloapan there were Tarascan women; and in the Convent of Nuestra Senora de los Angeles there were Mixtec and Zapotec women (Muriel, "Los conventos de monjas" 81).
Both ranchers and indios de paz banded together to protect themselves during Chichimec raids.
A kind of hierarchy of civilizations--outlined most famously by Jesuit Jose de Acosta--developed in which it was assumed that urban, imperial, stable societies like the Mexica were more capable of understanding Catholicism than the "barbaric" groups like the Chichimec.
The four districts each had temples dedicated to the principal gods, though these were overshadowed by the Great Temple, a man-made mountain constructed within the central precinct and topped by dual shrines dedicated to the Toltec storm god Tlaloc and the Chichimec war god Huitzilopochtli.
SEVEN CAVES OF CREATION Around 1,000 years ago in central Mexico, the Chichimec people founded a town known as Acatzingo Viejo.
Otomi style songs were not in Nahuatl but in the Chichimec language.
It is a very common foodstuff among the Chichimec Indians, as it gives them strength in combat and they fear nothing and feel neither hunger or thirst, and say that it protects them from any danger.
The first was between the grandson of the ruler of the Tlatelolco Mexicas and the granddaughter of Yohuallatonac, the Chichimec ruler of Cuauhquechollan, in AD 1397.
Originally, Hungry Coyote's metropolis of Texcoco, which means "Place of Rest," had been founded by a wandering Chichimec people who called themselves the Alcolhuans and were hunters and nomads from the desert, formerly living in caves and wearing animal skins.
Dibble, demonstrating his initial deep as well as developing knowledge of the Codex Xolotl draws out three important threads from these two scenes: (1) the relationship of the scenes to the Chichimec ancestry of Nezahualcoyotl; (14) (2) the involvement of priests and ritual in the "swearing" ceremony; (15) and (3) the relationship of the feather work device with the concept of "legitimate successor.