Chichimec

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Chichimec

(chēchēmĕk`), general term for the peoples of the Valley of Mexico between the periods of ToltecToltec
, ancient civilization of Mexico. The name in Nahuatl means "master builders." The Toltec formed a warrior aristocracy that gained ascendancy in the Valley of Mexico c.A.D. 900 after the fall of Teotihuacán.
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 ascendancy and AztecAztec
, Indian people dominating central Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest. Their language belonged to the Nahuatlan subfamily of Uto-Aztecan languages. They arrived in the Valley of Mexico from the north toward the end of the 12th cent.
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 ascendancy. Before the 11th cent. the Chichimec were nomadic peoples on the northern fringes of the valley. The Chichimec period (c.950–1300) was one of intertribal warfare and political confusion, but it prepared the way for the tributary empire of the Aztec.
References in periodicals archive ?
2) La Gran Chichimeca es una region situada a 110 kilometros al norte de lo que fuera la capital de la Nueva Espana.
In the late 1950s, he happened across ancient pottery shards left by the pre-historic Chichimeca people of Casas Grandes in Chihuahua's northern mountains.
A product of a mix of Chichimeca and Toltec cultures
Se de un oscuro rincon en donde viven unos diminutos cucarrones, en cuyos caparazones veo a todo el lago de Tezcoco, con puntitos esparcidos en los bordes de la mancha como representando a los pueblos y a sus chinampas: ahi estan los de mi reino chichimeca, la isla de Tenochtitlan y su par Tlatelolco, la rival Atzcaptzalco, la aliada Tacuba, las floridas Chapultepec y Xochimilco, Chalco y Tlapacoyan.
In contrast to the roving existence evident today with the Brazilians, Chichimeca, and Floridas, the Inca and Mexicans attained among their own a measure of community, inducing them to live together in order that they might govern these newly conquered peoples more easily.
The Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, 21st edn (Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1994) includes a number of terms used in Latin-American Spanish, most of them are native American words, such as chinanteco, chichimeca, totonaco, tampiqueno; others are standard terms, such as cuate, papalote, guajolote, guagua, and many others.
Certainly what distinguished the experiment in the Chichimeca narrative was the initiative of a group of teachers who, although not IL speakers themselves, recognized the potential of language and literacy development that is based on an inclusive perspective.
Selon differentes sources, la fondation de la ville de Queretaro remonterait au 25 juillet 1531, au moment off un groupe d'Espagnols, accompagnes de leurs allies indigenes (otomies), conquirent le domaine Chichimeca et, conformement a la politique d'expansion et de controle des etablissements indigenes par la Couronne espagnole, les Espagnols octroyerent aux caciques (chefs) otomies le sud du territoire de la Gran Chichimeca en vue de pacifier et coloniser ce territoire (CIMCQ 1996).
Esto nos daria una fecha de inicio del periodo colonial en parte de lo que hoy es el territorio nacional; no obstante, la conquista de los grupos de cazadores-recolectores de la gran chichimeca y de las provincias del norte ocurrio decadas mas tarde y, si llegamos a los limites septentrionales de lo que alguna vez fue la Nueva Espana haciendo caso omiso de la frontera que divide a Mexico y EUA desde mediados del siglo XIX, la provincia del Nuevo Mexico se fundo hasta el siglo XVII.
He writes in "Notes of a Bald Cricket": "I am Cortez's thigh, I am the African beard, I am the long, course hair/of the Chichimeca skulls, I am a Xicano poet, a musician who can't play music,/as a musician is a poet who works in another language;/There is a mixology of brews within me; I've tasted them all, still fermenting/as grass-high anxieties.
Brought up on the expanding edge of the Spanish frontier, as a young man Don Juan led military campaigns against the hostile Chichimeca Indians, located many new silver mines, and established new towns.