Black Kettle

(redirected from Chief Black Kettle)

Black Kettle,

d. 1868, chief of the southern CheyenneCheyenne
, indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). The Cheyenne abandoned their settlements in Minnesota in the 17th cent.
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 in Colorado. His attempt to make peace (1864) with the white men ended in the massacre of about half his people at Sand CreekSand Creek,
Colorado, site of a massacre (1864) of Cheyenne by Col. John M. Chivington and his Colorado Volunteers. The Cheyennes, led by their chief, Black Kettle, had offered to make peace and, at the suggestion of military personnel, had encamped at Sand Creek near Fort Lyon
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. Despite this treachery on the part of the whites, he continued to seek peace with them, and in 1865 he signed the Treaty of the Little Arkansas. The government ignored its guarantees, and Black Kettle tried again to negotiate, signing the Medicine Lodge Treaty of 1867. The Cheyenne might have retired to the reservation provided for them, had it not been for Gen. George Armstrong CusterCuster, George Armstrong,
1839–76, American army officer, b. New Rumley, Ohio, grad. West Point, 1861. Civil War Service

Custer fought in the Civil War at the first battle of Bull Run, distinguished himself as a member of General McClellan's staff in the
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. On Nov. 27, 1868, Custer and his 7th Cavalry attacked Black Kettle's camp on the Washita River without warning and killed the chief and hundreds of Native Americans.

Black Kettle (b. Moketavato)

(?1803–68) Southern Cheyenne peace chief; born near the Black Hills in present-day South Dakota. Despite his attempts at accommodation, his band was massacred at Sand Creek, Colo., in 1864. He continued to seek peace but was killed with his tribe in the Washita Valley, Okla., in 1868.
References in periodicals archive ?
In all, about 20 cavalrymen and 58 village residents, including the peace chief Black Kettle and his wife, died at Washita.
It then moves immediately to the irony that the 7th Cavalry attacked Chief Black Kettle, who had always sought peace.
Born in 1933, Hart is a direct descendent of the well-known peace chief Black Kettle.
The massacre at Sand Creek immediately became controversial because the Indians, under Cheyenne chief Black Kettle, had come in peace a few days earlier to nearby Fort Lyon, Colorado, and had been directed by military authorities to camp along the creek.
The short stories include the previously published "Rain," derived from the experience of accompanying Pueblo friends to a rain dance in New Mexico and feeling a combination of empathy as an Indian and alienation from a landscape so different from that of his own Mohawk country, and a "documentary fiction" devoted to the Cheyenne chief Black Kettle, who escaped the massacre of his band at Sand Creek in 1864 and died four years later when Custer struck Cheyennes camped on the Washita.
John Chivington of the First and Third Regiments of the Colorado Cavalry and 700 troops descended on the camp of Cheyenne Chief Black Kettle on what is now called Sand Creek in southeastern Colorado.