Mikhail Chigorin

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Chigorin, Mikhail Ivanovich

 

(also spelled Tchigorin). Born Oct. 31 (Nov. 12), 1850, in Gatchina; died Jan. 12 (25), 1908, in Lublin, now in Poland. Russian chess player and organizer of the chess movement in Russia.

Chigorin, the son of a master worker at the Okhta Gunpowder Mill, studied at the Gatchina Orphans’ Institute. In the 1880’s and 1890’s he was universally recognized as the chief contender for the chess championship of the world, but in 1889 and 1892 he was defeated by the world champion, W. Steinitz. From 1899 to 1903 he won the first three all-Russian chess tournaments. Victorious in international tournaments in New York (1889), Budapest (1896), and Vienna (1903), Chigorin ranked second in Hastings in 1895, ahead of the world champion E. Lasker. He won a number of two-game telegraph matches: St. Petersburg-London (1886–87) and one with Steinitz (1890–91). He also won a match with Lasker in 1903.

Chigorin pioneered the formation of chess organizations in many cities in Russia. He edited and published the St. Petersburg journals Shakhmatnyi listok (1876–81), Shakhmatnyi vestnik (1885–87), and Shakhmaty (1891–92) and wrote chess columns for the weekly Vsemirnaia illiustratsiia (1881–90) and the newspaper Novoe vremia (1890–1907). He was the author of many theoretical works on openings and endgames.

In 1909, an international tournament was held in memory of Chigorin in St. Petersburg, and tournaments were held in his memory in the USSR between 1947 and 1980.

WORKS

Tretii vserossiiskii shakhmatnyi turnir: Sbornik partii turnira. Notes by M. I. Chigorina. Moscow, 1904.

REFERENCES

Grekov, N. I. M. I. Chigorin: Velikii russkii shakhmatist, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1949.
Grekov, N. I. 120 izbrannykh partii M. I. Chigorina. Moscow, 1952.
Romanov, I. Z. Tvorcheskoe nasledie M. I. Chigorina. Moscow, 1960.
Vasiukov, E., A. Narkevich, and A. Nikitin. Mikhail Chigorin. Moscow, 1972.

G. B. ANTONOV

References in periodicals archive ?
So did the leading Russian player Mikhail Chigorin (1850-1908) who employed it to good effect against the world champion Wilhelm Steinitz (1836-1900) in the late 1880s.
Chigorin Memorial, the Russian Chess Cup among men will be held on 17-26 October in the Russian city of St.
The previous mark belonged to Wilhelm Steinitz, who took just 19 moves to beat Mikhail Chigorin in 1892.
WHITE: MIKHAIL CHIGORIN BLACK: SAMIR DAVIDOV King's Gambit
The filly shrugged off her penalty to win with plenty in hand from Dispol Vita and the luckless Chigorin.
Meanwhile, playing white side of Chigorin Defence, city- based International Master Vaibhav Suri held fourth seed Austrian GM Markus Ragger to a draw.
10 Newcastle Weatherbys Cheltenham Festival Betting Guide 2010 Handicap Chase 2m4f ATR Card page 24 Key stat Three of the last six winners were nine-year-olds and there are two in this line-up; Chigorin and Moneyless What they say Rose Dobbin, trainer of Luksar "He's won lots of point-to-points for us.
Chigorin is a sporting nap for the Patrington Haven Leisure Park Handicap.
Geoff Harker, trainer of Chigorin "He stopped a bit quick last time so we are trying different tactics and will hold him up a bit.
Also ran: Double Vodka 14-1 (4th), Third Empire 50-1 (5th), Tytheknot 16-1 (6th), Chigorin 9-1 (7th), Charnock Bates One 20-1 (8th), Miss Eloise 10-1 (9th), Lyca Ballerina 7-1 (10th), Ali Deo 12-1 (11th), Dispoal Veleta 10-1 (12th), Amankila 11-1 (13th).
Chigorin caught the eye on his handicap debut at Sandown but may need further, while Tytheknot, who has been knocking on the door, will appreciate coming back to a mile after failing to stay the extra two furlongs at Pontefract when third to Woody Valentine.
McGrath was subsequently deservedly rewarded with a winner, courtesy of Chigorin in the 2m4f handicap chase.