Chikamatsu Monzaemon

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Chikamatsu Monzaemon

 

(pen name of Sugimori Nobumori). Born 1653; died Nov. 22,1724. Japanese playwright.

Chikamatsu wrote joruri plays for the puppet theater and Ka-buki dramas. Beginning in 1705 he wrote only joruri. He was the author of many historical tragedies on themes drawn from feudal epics and chronicles. In these works there is a clash between feelings and duty, with duty always triumphant; examples are Kagekiyo Victorious (1686) and Kokusenya Kassen (The Battles of Coxinga, 1715). He also wrote dramas set in an urban milieu about the unhappy fate of those in love, including Sonezaki Shinju (The Love Suicides at Sonezaki, 1703) and The Courier for Hell (1711). Chikamatsu was the first Japanese author of psychological dramas. Many of his plays are still performed in the Kabuki theater and the Japanese puppet theater.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Dramy. Moscow, 1963.
Dramaticheskie poemy. [Moscow, 1968.]

REFERENCES

Konrad, N. I. “Iaponskii teatr.” In the collection Vostochnyi teatr. Leningrad, 1929.
Konrad, N. I. Ocherki iaponskoi literatury. Moscow, 1973.
Grigor’eva, T., and V. Logunova. Iaponskaia literatura. Moscow, 1964.
Markova, V. “Mondzaemon Tikamatsu o teatral’nom iskusstve.” In the collection Teatr i dramaturgiia Iaponii. Moscow, 1965.

N. G. IVANENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
2002; Robert, 2002; Cushion & Dominique, 2002; Schwienhorst, 2002; Jung, 2002; Bayraktar, 2002; Chikamatsu, 2003; Fenfang, 2003).
2002); Robert (2002); Cushion and Dominique (2002); Schwienhorst (2002); Jung (2002); Bayraktar (2002); Chikamatsu (2003); and Fenfang, 2003.
However, the most influential discussions of literary theory do not take place until somewhat later still, first with the important writings of the great No dramatist Zeami Motokiyo (1363-1443), then, after a gap, with the reflections of the great haiku poet Basho (1644-1699) and the great Kabuki playwright Chikamatsu Monzaemon (1653-1725).
I could certainly see an argument that, in at least some works, Beckett, Aeschylus, and Zeami are similar and may be contrasted with Arthur Miller, Sophocles, and Chikamatsu.
Tanchiko's contributions to the genre include his use of elegant gabun style and Heian-influenced grammar, and his subjects, which reflect his enthusiasm for the theater, especially for Chikamatsu, and his interest in the Japanese classics.
The giri/ninjo conflict, however, a focal point in any Chikamatsu play, does not serve as the propelling force for the thematic progression here.
After reading a Chikamatsu play, Nick feels it: "Whenever the sake dealer and the loyal courtesan cross the bridge and start looking among the cherry blossoms for a place to kill themselves, Nicholas weeps with the star-crossed lovers.
Kabuki play by Chikamatsu Monzaemon, who based his work on actual events of 1703.