sapodilla

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Related to Chiku: Chikungunya, sapodilla, Chikoo

sapodilla,

the edible fruit of Manilkara zapota (formerly Achras zapota), of the family Sapotaceae. The fleshy, brown fruit is the size of a small tomato, and has the flavor and texture of cinnamon, apple, and pear. The fruits are very astringent when young and must be fully ripened and soft to be eaten. The latex of the sapodilla plant is also the source of chiclechicle
, name for the gum obtained from the latex of the sapodilla tree (Manilkara zapota), a tropical American evergreen. The sapodilla (known also by many other common names) is widely cultivated in tropical regions, including S Florida, for its fruit, which is
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, the chewing gum of the Aztecs. Another species, M. bidentata, produces a latex that is the source of balata, a non-elastic rubber that is used for manufacturing boots, machine belts, and items in tropical South America. Sapodilla is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ebenales, family Sapotaceae.
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sapodilla

sapodilla

Although this tree only grows in warm, tropical areas, I included it because the latex from this tree is the original source of chewing gum and the Sapodilla fruit is super sweet tasting like malty caramel dipped in brown sugar. These trees are popular in warm areas from Mexico to India, tropical Asia, Philippines, Caribbean, and people are starting to grow them in southern Florida, California, Hawaii and greenhouses. It can grow to 100 feet tall (30m). Wind-resistant. Bark is rich in a white, gummy latex called "chicle", containing 15% rubber and 38% resin, which makes it a great base for chewing gum. Tree has glossy elliptical leaves, little white bell-like flowers, with a six-lobed corolla. Fruit is large elliptical berry resembling a smooth potato containing two to ten black seeds that have a hook on one end. Don’t swallow the seeds whole or they will hook into your throat. Fruit inner flesh is yellow to golden brown with grainy pear-like texture. Fruit has a high latex content and does not ripen until picked, whereupon the fruit softens to a firmness and appearance very similar to that of a fuzzy, brown-skinned kiwi. Unripe fruit are high in tannins which dry out the mouth (very astringent) and contain high levels of saponin. Tree bears fruit twice a year. Young leafy shoots can be eaten raw. Fruits, leaves, flowers and bark used for diarrhea, coughs, colds, pulmonary issues, Crushed seeds are a diuretic claimed to expel bladder and kidney stones. A fluid extract of the crushed seeds is sedative. Seed paste is applied on stings and bites from venomous animals. The latex is used in the tropics as a crude filling for tooth cavities.

Sapodilla

 

(Manilkara achras, Manilkara zapota, or Achras zapota), a plant of the family Sapotaceae. An evergreen tree measuring 15–20 m tall, the sapodilla has ovate or elliptic leathery leaves and small, white flowers. The rounded or oval fruits, which measure 5–10 cm across, contain ten to 12 hard black seeds and have sweet and juicy yellow-brown flesh. The sapodilla grows in tropical rain forests of Central and South America; it is cultivated in all tropical countries as a fruit and industrial plant. The milky juice obtained from the bark contains 20–25 percent of a substance closely related to gutta-percha, which is used to manufacture chewing gum.

References in periodicals archive ?
Oysters from Chiku, Beimen, and Putai exhibited intermediate GMIs and IPAs.
Four, 12, and 17 birds were banded in the winters of 1997/1998, 1998/1999, and 2002/2003, respectively, at Chiku Wetland (Ueta et al.
In the past five years, a group of activists in Taiwan, the United States, and around the world struck down the proposed Binnan Industrial Complex, which would have included a steel plant and a petrochemical plant, and would have destroyed the rich habitat of Chiku Lagoon.
Chiku, who got his name from the hospital's nurses, was forsaken soon after his birth in June 2010 because of an illness.
For the past five years, Taiwan's environmentalists have been fighting the BIC, a project that threatens fisheries and sensitive coastal ecosystems, including of Tainan County's Chiku Lagoon, winter roosting habitat of the endangered black-faced spoonbill (Platalea minor).
The child's mother, Sunita, who frequented the hospital for pregnancy- related check- ups since January 2010, went into labour on June 25 and Chiku was born the next morning.
In November, a record 443 blackfaced spoonbills -- up from 363 in 1998 -- arrived in their Chiku, Taiwan wintering ground.
Or opt for the Sushi Sampler for $7 that is complemented by the delicate and smooth taste of the Sho Chiku Bai Ginjo Sake.
The 5000-acre Binnan complex, consisting of a naphtha cracker and a steel mill, would require filling a third of the Chiku Lagoon and presents a major threat to the ecosystem of the area.
To complete the appetizer, pair it with the delicate flavors of apples and nectarines found in a glass of Sho Chiku Bai Ginjo.
Pair this spicy dish with the delicate and smooth Sho Chiku Bai Ginjo Sake.