chikungunya

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Related to Chikungunya fever: yellow fever

chikungunya

(chĭkən-go͞on`yä), viral disease transmitted by the bite of an infected female Aedes mosquito. Symptoms appear after an incubation period of four to eight days and include sudden high fever, severe joint and muscle pain, and often headache, nausea, fatigue, and rash. The virus, of genus Alphavirus, occurs mostly in Africa, Asia, and the Indian subcontinent, but in recent decades has been found in Europe and the Americas. Though the disease is seldom fatal and symptoms generally subside after a few days, there is no cure for chikungunya, and it can cause long-term joint pain and other complications. Non-aspirin medications that reduce fever and relieve pain may help alleviate symptoms. Infection may be avoid by preventing mosquito bites with insect repellents and protective clothing and by removing water-filled breeding sites. The disease is sometimes misdiagnosed as dengue feverdengue fever
, acute infectious disease caused by four closely related viruses and transmitted by the bite of the female Aedes mosquito; it is also known as breakbone fever and bone-crusher disease.
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, especially in areas where dengue is common. The virus was first identified in 1953, in Tanzania (then Tanganyika). Since 2000 there have been epidemics in several countries in SE Asia as well as islands in the Indian Ocean and the S Pacific. In 2007 the first outbreak in Europe occurred in NE Italy. The first outbreak in the Americas began in the Caribbean in 2013, and the first domestically acquired cases occurring in the United States were recorded in S Florida in 2014.
References in periodicals archive ?
In October 2014, physicians in Chiapas State, Mexico, noticed large numbers of patients reporting febrile illness accompanied by rash and an unusual arthralgia, and chikungunya fever was suspected.
With no clinically-approved vaccine or treatment for Chikungunya fever, it remains a worrying public health problem.
Singapore, for instance, was hittwice by Chikungunya fever outbreaks in January and August 2008.
IN THE NEWS: On June 8, 2010, the CDC issued an outbreak notice for Chikungunya fever in Asia and the Indian Ocean.
Among other things, the CDC lists travel notices relating to H1N1 in the USA, yellow fever in Brazil, pertussis (whooping cough) in Australia, cholera in Zimbabwe, meningococcal diseases in India and Africa, chikungunya fever in much of Asia, rabies in Indonesia, H5N1 avian flu, Marburg in Uganda and even "melamine" in China.
It is feared that among them are Asian tiger mosquitoes - which have already given chikungunya fever to scores of victims in northern Italy.
Recent extensive outbreaks of chikungunya fever in the Indian subcontinent confirmed the reemergence of the virus in 2006 in 3 states of India (12).
As of 2014, more than 2,000 cases of chikungunya fever had been reported in the United States; except for 11 locally acquired cases in Florida, all cases were acquired abroad (8).
Mosquito season lasts through October and along with itchy bites, they can transmit diseases like West Nile Virus and Chikungunya Fever.
The regional network for the surveillance of epidemics and health risks was set in May 2005 following the conclusion of the new International Health Regulations (IHR) at the 58th World Health Assembly and in the wake of the chikungunya fever epidemic that hit the region in 2005-2006.
After the re-emergence of chikungunya fever during 2005, widespread outbreaks were reported from several Indian States affecting more than 175,000 individuals (1,2).