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Pathol an inflammation of the fingers, toes, or ears, caused by prolonged exposure to moisture and cold



a special form of frostbite in which the skin is injured by prolonged and repeated exposure to cold and dampness. Chilblain usually affects the nose, cheeks, hands, and ears; less commonly, it affects the feet, legs, and buttocks. It is characterized by limited or diffuse, reddish cyanotic patches that are swollen, hardened, cold to the touch, and painful when pressed. Chilblain is usually accompanied by an itching, burning sensation; pain arises if the affected area is warmed rapidly.

Acute forms of chilblain are distinguished from chronic forms, which are recurrent. The victim’s physiology and age influence the development of chilblain. The time of year is also a factor. Most cases occur in the spring and fall, usually affecting weakened persons, children, adolescents, and the elderly. Anemia, a poor diet, and vitamin deficiency, as well as nervous disorders, chronic infections, and poisonings, are conducive to the development of chilblain.

Treatment includes warm baths, massage, and rubbing with camphor spirit, as well as the application of iodine tinctures and the use of ultraviolet radiation. Fissures and ulcerations are treated with ointment dressings and by soaking in a potassium permanganate solution. Chilblain can be prevented by protecting exposed parts of the body against cold and dampness and by observing a healthy diet. Vitamins and preparations containing calcium, iron, and arsenic are also helpful.


References in periodicals archive ?
Chilblains often get better without treatment, but it might help to use a soothing lotion, such asTea Tree & Witch Hazel Gel([pounds sterling]3.
I mentioned earlier that there is one client group in which chilblains can pose a real danger, in extreme cases life-threatening.
The treatment of chilblains with nifedipine: the results of a pilot study a double blind placebo-controlled randomized study and a long-term open trial.
Celiac disease presenting with chilblains in an adolescent girl.
Winter was terrible as we had to endure the cold walks to school and I suffered with chilblains very badly, but otherwise we had a lovely time.
All the women would talk about was chilblains, whatever they are.
How difficult it is for us,' he began, blandly surveying his congregation, who coughed into their mufflers and chafed their chilblains under their woolen gloves, 'to realize that this is indeed Christmas.
The Australasian Podiatry Council lists stress fracture, sprains, corns, calluses, in-grown toenails, chilblains and tinea as some of the problems that can occur in the workplace or be aggravated at work.
They can masquerade as other skin diseases including erythema nodosum, mycosis fungoides, erythema annulare centrifugum, urticaria, psoriasis, stasis dermatitis, and chilblains, said Dr.
They have CP and get cold feet and chilblains (sores), just like you described.