Children's Shelter

Children’s Shelter

 

a philanthropic institution for orphans and abandoned or homeless children.

In Russia, children’s shelters were first established in the 18th century at monasteries. The first secular shelter was founded by the patron of art P. G. Demidov in St. Petersburg in 1837 at the Demidov Home for the Care of Laborers. It provided day care for children of working mothers. Beginning in 1846, children were permitted to stay overnight, and later they were allowed to live continuously in the “orphans’ sections.” Most of the children’s shelters were administered by the Department of Institutions of Empress Mariia. Other children’s shelters were run by various philanthropic societies, individuals, and the government departments of ecclesiastical affairs and military affairs, as well as by the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

In the late 19th century, an elementary program of instruction was introduced at the children’s shelters, corresponding to the program in one-room rural schools. At a number of shelters, trade classes or trade schools were established. In 1891 infants’ shelters were instituted, and beginning at that time rural children’s shelters were established to train “thrifty peasants.”

The children’s shelters were funded primarily by charitable contributions, with the state treasury and urban and zemstvo (local self-government) institutions providing some sums as well. The shelters exploited the children’s labor; this was particularly so in the rural shelters. By 1917 there were 583 children’s shelters, with about 30,000 children, throughout Russia (within the boundaries of what is now the RSFSR). After the October Revolution of 1917, children’s homes were established for orphans, children who had lost contact with their parents, and children who needed the state’s aid and protection.

Various types of philanthropic institutions for children exist in many countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
A sharp increase in the numbers was noted in the last quarter of 2013 and beginning of 2014, a children's shelter 'Home for Hope' was opened in July 2014 in Nicosia, with a capacity to host 24 unaccompanied minors.
March 21: Delta Community employees will volunteer at the Bloom Children's Shelter, as Bloom turns 25 this year.
The court heard that one of the sisters was so traumatised by what happened that she has twice tried to kill herself while being cared for at a women and children's shelter in Dubai.
Radford-based Global Care has supported children living at a residential children's shelter in Cambodia since 2006.
The state-run children's shelter in Reynosa, Mexico, just across the border from McAllen, has not received a Central American child yet in August, said coordinator Jose Guadalupe Villegas Garcia.
The agency approved the transfer of vaccines late last week for the BCFS International Children's Shelter at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio.
As part of the Bilateral Fund, the British High Commission donated 2,000 [pounds sterling] (N$35,776) to Hope Village, through the organisation "Orange Babies", which administers their finances and purchased furniture and other material for the children's shelter.
5 million Kwanzas (roughly USD 15,000), which will be contributed to the Arnaldo Janssen children's shelter house.
The development comes barely a week after a minor girl lodged in another children's shelter meant only for deprived girls in northern Bihar's Muzaffarpur district was reportedly found to be pregnant, prompting the police to register cases against the person running the shelter and four others.
Abu Faour made the comments during a ceremony to lay the cornerstone for the Dar al-Amal children's shelter in Shoueifat, south of Beirut.
To address the horrific living conditions in a nearby street children's shelter long supported by the U.
JEDDAH: The Al-Birr Charity Society in Jeddah has made an appeal to the public to help identify a four-year old child currently housed at the Unclaimed Children's Shelter, according to a statement issued by the society on Thursday.
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