Comics

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Comics

 

a graphic storytelling genre; a series of drawings with short texts forming a connected narrative. The genre’s antecedents are generally considered to be W. Hogarth’s series of paintings (later engravings) A Harlot’s Progress (1730–31) and A Rake’s Progress (1732–35) and W. Busch’s drawings in the book Max und Moritz (1865).

Contemporary forms of comics appeared in newspapers in the 1890’s and became widespread in the 1930’s, particularly the comics of W. Disney, the well-known producer of animated films. By the mid-century, comics became one of the most popular genres of mass culture. Most contemporary comics are no longer humorous but tell stories with a variety of themes and subjects, such as the “wild west,” superhero adventure, jungle adventure, animals, crime (the most “mass” variety), war, romance, science fiction, pseudohistory, and classical literature in condensed and simplified form.

The glorification in some comics of violence, cruelty, national superiority, and aggressive valor as well as the vulgarization and debasement of the classics are symptoms of the chronic and growing malaise of contemporary mass culture. In order to safeguard children, a number of countries, including Great Britain, France, Sweden, and the Netherlands, have officially forbidden the distribution of horror comics.

The unusually broad circulation of comics and their influence on the mass reader have aroused concern among Western artists. A forum of cultural leaders from many European countries and America met in Italy in 1965 to discuss the future of the most “mass” genre (the journal Inostrannaia literatura, 1965, no. 9, pp. 252–58).

Progressive foreign periodicals like L’Humanité have systematically used comics to popularize the classics and the best of adventure literature, as well as to create stories about the adventures of comic and fantasy characters. J. Eiffel’s albums The Creation of the World (3 vols., 1951–53) are an original form of comics. The Soviet children’s magazine Veselye kartinki (published by the CC of the Communist Youth League since 1956) often uses comics.

REFERENCE

Daniels, L. Comix: A History of Comic Books in America. New York [1971].
References in periodicals archive ?
In the period's most cited and elaborated book on children's comics consumption, we hear how terrible it was that parents themselves read comics and did not care about their children's comics consumption (Larson 1954).
I don't go to school but I am happy with my work because I help my family," he said of his ten-hour day selling children's comics on the streets of Khalda in the western region of Amman.
London, November 26 (ANI): Children's comics have made a comeback on the back of the success of spin-offs from TV shows like 'Dr.
Items sampled include children's toy make-up, free cosmetic gifts attached to children's comics, skin lightening creams, face soaps, hair gel, glitter powder, lipsticks, body lotions, lip-gloss, nail polish and removers, skin whiteners, deodorant products containing some form of sun protection, and men's face creams.
Anybody who talks about Rules of Football in your condemnation of Rob Styles should be banished to writing for children's comics.
And not only are there now many fine comics for adults--which are often suitable for high schoolers as well--there are still plenty of outstanding children's comics, some highly educational, that will get kids interested in reading.
At 10-in by 13'in (26 x 35cm), it was larger than most children's comics then on the news-stands and, with half of its 24 pages in full colour, it stood out from Fleetway's black-and-white comic papers.
And bringing a bit of real life into the fantasy and nonsense that norm ally fills our children's comics.
On a lighter note, does anyone remember Johnny Stubbs, a character in one of the weekly children's comics of yore?
Selected children's comics will carry cover-mounted bars.
Baxter also plainly loves British children's comics of doddery vintage, as well as Hollywood juvenilia of the Lone Ranger/Hopalong Cassidy variety.
Manouach turned his attention to a volume of Petzi, the French name for a series of innocuous midcentury children's comics (originally published in Denmark as Rasmus Klump), featuring a cohort of animal characters.

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