Chillicothe


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See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Chillicothe

(chĭl'ĭkŏth`ē), city (1990 pop. 21,923), seat of Ross co., S central Ohio, on the Scioto River; inc. 1802. It is the trade and distribution center of a farm area that specializes in raising cattle and hogs and growing corn. The city has long been noted for its large paper mills. Founded in 1796 by settlers from Virginia, Chillicothe derives its name from the Shawnee word meaning "principal town." In 1800 it became the capital of the Northwest TerritoryNorthwest Territory,
first possession of the United States, comprising the region known as the Old Northwest, S and W of the Great Lakes, NW of the Ohio River, and E of the Mississippi River, including the present states of Ohio, Ind., Ill., Mich., Wis., and part of Minn.
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; from 1803 to 1810 and from 1812 to 1816 it was the capital of Ohio. Chillicothe grew in the 19th cent. as an inland port on the Ohio and Erie Canal and a pork-packing center. During World War I, Camp Sherman, a large Army training base, was built in Chillicothe. Notable are Adena State Memorial and Ross County Historical Society Museum. Outside the city is

Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, containing prehistoric Native American burial mounds (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
, table). Chillicothe also has a state prison and a branch of Ohio Univ.

References in periodicals archive ?
Since 1946, OU-C has remained true to its mission of preparing students for the challenges of tomorrow and providing service to Chillicothe and the surrounding region.
Ross County Common Pleas Judge Scott Nusbaum was photographed at a party wearing dark makeup, a pink dress and a gray wig, the Chillicothe Gazette reported.
As the original capital of Ohio, the City of Chillicothe gets its name from the Shawnee Indians' word meaning "principal town.