Chillicothe


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See also: National Parks and Monuments (table) National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Chillicothe

(chĭl'ĭkŏth`ē), city (1990 pop. 21,923), seat of Ross co., S central Ohio, on the Scioto River; inc. 1802. It is the trade and distribution center of a farm area that specializes in raising cattle and hogs and growing corn. The city has long been noted for its large paper mills. Founded in 1796 by settlers from Virginia, Chillicothe derives its name from the Shawnee word meaning "principal town." In 1800 it became the capital of the Northwest Territory Northwest Territory,
first possession of the United States, comprising the region known as the Old Northwest, S and W of the Great Lakes, NW of the Ohio River, and E of the Mississippi River, including the present states of Ohio, Ind., Ill., Mich., Wis., and part of Minn.
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; from 1803 to 1810 and from 1812 to 1816 it was the capital of Ohio. Chillicothe grew in the 19th cent. as an inland port on the Ohio and Erie Canal and a pork-packing center. During World War I, Camp Sherman, a large Army training base, was built in Chillicothe. Notable are Adena State Memorial and Ross County Historical Society Museum. Outside the city is

Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, containing prehistoric Native American burial mounds (see National Parks and Monuments, table). Chillicothe also has a state prison and a branch of Ohio Univ.

References in periodicals archive ?
With about $152 million in assets and $135 million in deposits, Citizens National Bank of Chillicothe operates six branches in Chillicothe, Washington Courthouse, Clarksburg and Frankfort.
The video, captured by another student with a cell phone, shows a teen waiting for his victim in a classroom at Union-Scioto High School in Chillicothe, approximately an hour south of Columbus.
As the original capital of Ohio, the City of Chillicothe gets its name from the Shawnee Indians' word meaning "principal town.